Causes of the American Revolution
Proclamation of 1763
The King of England said the Colonists were not allowed to go into the Ohio River Valley, because he did not want to pay for another war. The Colonists felt betrayed, because they couldn't go on the land they fought and died for.
The Stamp Act of 1765
It required the Colonists to pay for a stamp or seal when they bought paper items. The tax was paid on legal documents, licenses, newspapers, pamphlets, and playing cards. The Colonists boycotted paper and they protested. The Stamp Act was later repealed.
The Townshend Acts of 1767
It placed taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. The Colonists boycotted British goods and they smuggled British goods.
The Boston Massacre
Many Colonists were protesting and threatening British soldiers, so one of the soldiers hit a Colonist with a gun, and one of the Colonists hit a soldier with a club. Right after the British soldiers killed all the Colonists who were protesting. It made the Colonists want to become more violent and the massacre made them angrier.
The Tea Act of 1773
It allowed the British East India company to sell to the Colonists directly. The Colonists still had to pay taxes on tea. The Colonists boycotted tea and they protested.
The Boston Tea Party of 1773
The British East India company had 3 ships full of tea arrived in Boston. The Sons of Liberty demanded for them to leave. At night the Colonists disguised as Indians and sneaked onto the ship. They dumped a lot of tea into the water. This made the British angry, and it caused them to make the Intolerable Acts.
The Intolerable Acts of 1774
The Boston Harbor was closed until the tea was paid for by the Colonists. The Massachusetts Charter was cancelled. The Colonists were outraged and they protested.
Lexington and Concord 1775
Britain's general Gage, sent British soldiers to Boston, their destination was Lexington. They went to capture Samuel Adams and John Hancock. They also went to Concord to take gunpower. At night a series of horseback riders galloped off to warn the countryside. The militias prepared for the British. When the British arrived in Concord they killed 7 Americans, but militias attacked and killed the soldiers. The soldiers retreated to Boston, but were attacked by more militias. After, Samuel Adams made propaganda and he spread rumors. It caused the colonists to start the revolution.