Hydraulic Fracking

What is it and how does it work?

Hydraulic Fracking

Hydraulic fracturing involves the use of water pressure to make small fractures in rock, far below the surface, that allow natural gas and oil to escape and flow out into a well. Natural gas is a mixture of four natural gases including: 70-90% Methane and 0-20% Ethane, Butane, and Propane. In the next decade 80% of natural gas wells will need fracking.

The Specifics

The drilling and well construction takes 50-100 days.
-steel and cement casing during the process separates the extraction from the environment

-project ground water prevents back flow

-storage tanks hold waste water, 90% or more of that waste water is recycled

Fracturing itself takes 2-5 days.

The energy produced from this will last 20-40 years.

Marcellus Shale

The Marcellus Shale gas formation is big in the natural gas business and is one of the largest shale regions in the US and is predicted to be the second largest natural gas find on Earth. Marcellus Shale stretches across New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia and Maryland. Marcellus Shale formation is fracturing into 400 year-old rock which supposedly holds more than 410 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. This could supply our country for hundreds of years. Advances in technology allow energy companies to unlock the Marcellus Shale energy resources, while also protecting our drinking water and the environment.

Find out more at: http://www.energyfromshale.org/hydraulic-fracturing/marcellus-shale-gas#sthash.4VZNwOwl.dpuf

The Benefits

Everything in life has particular cons; but the new advances in extracting natural gas has more pros. For example:

-when companies have to use other people's land those people make a profit

-the gas companies are under regulations

-the process is supposed to be environmentally safe

-A "clean energy future" offers economic advances, energy security, and environmental benefits.

-The EPA (environmental protection agency) works with states and key stake holders to ensure the process is not endangering public or environmental safety.

-The companies require permits and inspections.