The Frozen Frontier

Taiga Info

Taiga is the Russian word for forest and is the largest biome in the world. It stretches over Eurasia and North America. The taiga is located near the top of the world, just below the tundra biome. The winters in the taiga are very cold with only snowfall. The summers are warm, rainy, and humid. A lot of coniferous trees grow in the taiga. The taiga is also known as the boreal forest.

Plants found in the Taiga

Balsam Fir

Black Spruce


Eastern Red Cedar

Jack Pine

Paper Birch

Siberian Spruce

White Fir

White Poplar

White Spruce

More Botanical Info

  • The shedding of trees in the taiga in the fall season, saves energy for them in the winter months
  • Taiga trees are conifers
  • Conifers, which many are evergreen trees, produce cones during the late winter or during the early fall. then the seeds develop inside. once the seeds are ripe, then the cones dry up and fall out of the trees
  • Needles on evergreen trees are very thin and wax-covered!

Animals commonly found in the Taiga

American Black Bear
Bald Eagle
Canadian Lynx
Gray Wolf
Grizzly Bear
Long-Eared Owl
Red Fox
River Otter
Snowshoe Rabbit

Since, food sources are even more difficult during the winter, animals in the taiga biome have adapted to this like how many of them migrate to warmer locations during the winter. They do that so for shelter just as much as they do for the ability to find food or like other animals in the taiga biome remain there all winter. However, they hibernate so they don’t need to search for food during the winter months.


The winter temperature range is -54 to -1° C. The winters are really cold, with lots of snow.

Temperatures range in the summer gets as low as -7° C. The high in summer can be 21° C. The total precipitation in a year is 30 - 85 cm.
There are long winters and summers. These are the two main seasons, spring and fall don't last very long.
In winter, the nights are long while the day is short. In summer, the days are long while the nights are short.

Taiga soil

Taiga soil is poor in nutrients. It doesn’t have organically enriched nutrients in forest.The thinness of the soil is due largely to the cold, which hinders the development of soil and the ease with which plants can use its nutrients. Fallen leaves and moss can remain on the for a long time in the cool, moist climate, which limits their organic contribution to the soil; acids from evergreen needles further leach the soil, creating spodosol, also known as podzol. Since the soil is acidic due to the falling pine needles, the forest floor has only lichens and some mosses growing on it.

Human Impact

The taiga is the largest biome, for now. Humans have been cutting down the trees in this biome, so it is likely that the biome will disappear someday. Acid rain which is caused by burning fossil fuels, weaken the trees in the taiga and pollute the biome. Also global warming can cause the Taiga biome's temperature which is mainly what makes a taiga a taiga. if the temperature increase different animals from other biomes may settle here and the animals that were originally here may die of changing the biome drastically.

Major Cities

• Toronto: The city having the highest population in Canada is the capital of the province of Ontario. Toronto ranks among the top financial centers in the world. Some of the major tourist attractions of Toronto include the Casa Loma, the Royal Ontario Museum, and the Art Gallery of Ontario, and CN Tower.

• Montreal: It is the second among the top cities of Canada. It is situated in the province of Quebec. For many years Montreal had been the financial and industrial hub of Canada. It also blends a hint of European sophistication in itself making it one of the most popular cities in Canada. Some of the city’s attractions include Montréal Botanical Garden, Mount Royal, Point-a-Callipered Museum, and Montreal Biodome.

• Vancouver: This city is a primary seaport situated in British Columbia. Vancouver is ranked in the category of the most habitable cities in the world. It has been the venue for numerous international events and conferences like 1986 World Exposition on Transportation and Communication, and the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements in 1976. Vancouver is one of the top industrial centers in Canada.

• Ottawa: The capital of Canada, Ottawa is located in Ontario. This city has world class academic scopes, and is a technological and financial hub. Ottawa also boasts of an entertainment and cultural side. It has the highest population in Canada of educated work – force.

Attractions and Activities in the Taiga

1. Tour an airborne firefighter
Originally built as bombers for long-range missions and patrols, Coulson Flying Tankers now drop 60,000 pounds of foam on raging forest fires. With wingspans of 200 feet (wider than a 747), they reside at Sprout Lake in central Vancouver Island. Free tours when crews aren't putting out flames.
2 Paddle into the setting sun
A sunset kayaking tour from Gabriola Island (20 minutes by ferry from Nanaimo) offers a multitude of treats, from the gaudy display in the sky to the eye-level view of otters, seals and (if you look up!) bald eagles. $45 a person, with two-person minimum.
3. Zip it
Whistle over whitewater and old-growth forest on a series of zip lines, some as long as 2,200 feet. Perfect for adrenalin junkies. Adults $98 to $119.
4. Feed the sea lions
Take a behind-the-scenes tour of the Vancouver Aquarium. Learn all about the sea lions and sea otters from staff prepare some of their favorite treats and get up close to the animals while working alongside their trainers. $25 to $35.
5. Seek a sea serpent
Did you know that Canada has its own version of the Loch Ness monster? There have been plenty of sightings of Ogopogo, a snakelike creature said to be anywhere from six to 20 meters long, in Okanagan Lake in the B.C. Interior.
taiga biome project(stop motion)


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