London

Architectural Design

Big Ben

  • Date building was completed:1858

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: On November 1853 there were 90 architects who submitted 400 designs to the initial building of Big Ben, On October 1857 the bell crack in Big Ben.

  • Location: Westminster

  • Architect: Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin

  • Significant Building features: Has a functional clock and has functional bells for new year


Tower of London

  • Date building was completed: 1078

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: 1070's were the mark at which the building of the towers began, Henry III surrenders tower to Simon de Montifort

  • Location: Tower Bridge, Bermondsey

  • Architect: William the Conqueror

  • Significant Building features: fully functional prison and torture rooms

Jewel Tower

  • Date building was completed: 1366

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: On 1365 King Edward III starts the building of Jewel Tower, 1512 The King of London unexpectedly left and Jewel tower became a place to hold King's clothes.

  • Location: Old Palace Yard

  • Architect: William Sleaford

  • Significant Building features: Houses a vault of treasure and is “fire proof”


Tower Bridge

  • Date building was completed: 1894

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: In 1977 the bridge was painted red, white , and blue from the original chocolate brown color because of Queen Silver Juilbee. 1982 the bridge was once again open to public prior to it's closing in 1910.

  • Location: London Borough of tower Hamlets

  • Architect: Horace Jones and George D Stephenson

  • Significant Building features: has a tunnel for peoples use and it takes 5 minutes for each half of the bridge to raise


Westminster Abbey

  • Date building was completed: 1052

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: In 2010 Pope Benedict XVI became first pope to visit the Abbey.

  • Location: 20 Deans Yard

  • Architect: Christopher Wren

  • Significant Building features:Contained a church and a theatre

Kensington Palace

  • Date building was completed: 1605

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: The Kensington Palace was the favorite resident of successive sovereigns until 1760. On October 1960 incendiary bombs damage the Queen's apartments inside the Palace.

  • Location: Royal Borough of Kensington

  • Architect: Christopher Wren

  • Significant Building features: Has a museum inside and has statues of all the occupancies that lived there

Windsor Castle

  • Date building was completed: 1087

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: William the Conqueror decided that the building was to be built starting in the 1066. 1630-1685 Oliver Cromwell used this castle as a headquarters during the English civil war

  • Location: Berkshire

  • Architect: Jeffry Wyatville

  • Significant Building features: Has private apartments and a courtyard


Hamption Court Palace

  • Date building was completed: 1514

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: On 1537 Henry VIII's third wife gives birth the Prince Edward in the palace. 1838 Queen Victoria opens the gardens to the public.

  • Location: London Borough of Richmond

  • Architect: King Henry VIII

  • Significant Building features: has the largest grapevine in England and indoor gardens

Dennis Server's House

  • Date building was completed: 1729

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: Has been home to a family of Huguenot silk weavers since 1724.

  • Location: Liverpool Street Tube

  • Architect: Dennis Servers

  • Significant Building features: Has plenty of window sills and great fireplaces


Apsley House

  • Date building was completed:1778

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: in 1817 Duke of Wellington transformed the house into a palatial residence to fit his lifestyle. In 1829 Duke became Prime Minister making even more changes to the house.

  • Location: Hyde Park Corner

  • Architect: Robert Adam and Benjamin Dean Wyatt

  • Significant Building features: Has a great semicircle stair case and a painting museum


Keats House

  • Date building was completed:1925

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: In 1920 the house was almost torn down to make room for a row of flats. Keat's house opened to the public on May 9th 1925.

  • Location: Hampstead

  • Architect: Piazza di Spagna

  • Significant Building features: The house has a kids place in it and has a great drawing room for artists.

Marble Hill House

  • Date building was completed:1729

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: The design of this house was based on Andrea Palladio's 1553 Villa Cornaro. In 1986 the house became a public place to play cricket, football, etc..

  • Location: Marble hill park

  • Architect: Colen Campbel and Roger Morris

  • Significant Building features: Has great, big columns and a huge gable roof


Southwalk Cathedral

  • Date building was completed: 1897

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: in the 1820's the church was already in need of great repairs. This church was orginally named St Saviour's church and eventually got the name Soutwalk Cathedral in 1905.

  • Location: Southward

  • Architect: Arthur Blomfeild

  • Significant Building features: Has great gothic pillars and has a lot of semicircle arches


Fullham Palace

  • Date building was completed: 1729

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: In the 1900's the palace went from a village to the suburbs. In 1929 the Palace flew up two large air balloons to keep enemy WWII aircraft from flying to low.

  • Location: Fullham

  • Architect: Bishops of London

  • Significant Building features: Has a lot of cross gable roofs and window sills


Temple Church

  • Date building was completed: 1185

  • Significance/important dates in the building's history: It was not a tradition to have English choir singers in the church until 1847. In 1666 the church escaped the great fire of london.

  • Location: King's bench walk

  • Architect: Christopher Wren, James Pier St Aubyn, and Walter Godfrey

  • Significant Building features: Includes a huge dome and lots of columns in the church