Presentor: Elodia Ellis
What Are Assessments?
Assessments are a form or method used to collect and track data and information over student’s progress. Assessments consist of two components:
Types of Assessments
- Diagnostic Assessments
- Formative Assessments
- Summative Assessments
- Selected-Response Test
- Constructed-Response Test
For example, a 5th grade math teacher can give her students a basic diagnostic assessment to see what they know and what they did not retain from their previous school year. The assessment can be something simple like working out basic math facts like seen on the picture above.
For example, a 5th grade science teacher can conduct a group participation activity while reading a unity chapter by asking the chapter questions as they go along, and allowing the students to openly answer them to see it they are understanding and retaining the information. An example would be reading a unity chapter over the food web. As the teacher goes along with the unity of study, she could be asking questions like, "What is a prey?" or "What is a decomposer and what is its purpose?" These types of questions will give the teacher and idea of the comprehension of the material.
The two pictures above show the actively engagement of the teacher with the students during their course of instruction. The positive aspect of these types of assessments is that they help the teacher carry out the three following activities:
- Evaluate learning activities
- Check your pacing
- Help students prioritize learning
An example of this type of assessment would be a 3rd grade teacher finishing up a unit of study over capitalization, and then giving a test to her students with ten questions to test their knowledge. The question format would read as follows: "last year in march i went to california for Spring Break." The students would have to know that the word Last, March, I, and California go capitalized. Again, as shown in the above picture, this type of assessment measures individual progress after a unity of study.
The following are some strengths:
- The are a fast and efficient means of collecting information.
- They are easy to score.
- They are reliable.
The following are drawbacks or weaknesses:
- Test-taking savvy can sometimes substitute for knowledge of content.
- Too often, the focus is on recalling information rather than using higher-level thinking.
- It is difficult to write or come up with good mulitiple-choice questions.
An example of good implementation of this type of test could be used by a 5th grade Reading teacher who gives a selected-response test over vocabulary words from a unity story they are reading.
An example of what a selected-response test looks like is displayed on the above picture.
The following are some strengths:
- They can be used to assess learning at all levels of complexity.
- They are often easier to create and write then selected-response tests.
- They assess students abilities to organize information and present it in an effective and relevant form.
- They require a considerable time to grade.
- Scoring can be unreliable.
- Quality of handwriting or expression can alter how the teacher grades it.
A good example of this type of testing could be used by a 5th grade science teacher to test students over the food chain. The teacher could create a constructed-response exam by providing a picture of a habitat with animals, and then asking questions like, "What will happen to the grasshopper population if the birds are killed by humans or eaten by other prey?"
An example of what a constructed-response test looks like is shown in the above picture.