United States of America

History and Education

History of Education

-1743: Ben Franklin: American Philosophical Society: Emphasized secularism, science and human reason. Because if clashed with religious dogma, it did not stick

-1787: Young Ladies Academy in Philadelphia (First academy for girls in America)

-1918: All states enforce mandatory attendance law

-1837: Horace Mann: Head of newly formed MA Board of Education: Influential in teacher training schools and earliest attempts to professionalize teaching

-1923: SAT was created

-1954: Brown v Board of Education (supreme court decision)

-1965: Elementary and Secondary Education Act: Provided Federal Funds for all local public schools

Types of Education

Public: Government funded, open to public: Charter (1990s, independently operated, started by parents, teachers, community organizations and for profit companies, do not charge tuition, do receive tax dollars but can come up with private funding, follow curricular requirements of state) Magnet (1970s, free public, highly competitive and highly selective, known for special programs and high academic standards, can be specialized) Public School of Choice (must meet standards set by No Child Left Behind Act)

Private: Independent (draw funds through tuition payments/church funds), Parochial (church related schools), Proprietary (Private run for profit)

Home: Taught at the home (funding usually from the source)

Teacher Professionalism

-School vs. Personal life

-Teachers responsible academically/somewhat personally

-Regulations/laws

-Fine line

-Questions of morality: reading into students lives

-May or may not be involved in outside community/still expected to know their students' community