Hoovervilles were small communities in the cities created by the poor and homeless. It was named after Hoover because he was blamed for the Great Depression.
Hoover's reaction to the Great Depression.
President Hoover was not serious about the Great Depression. He said that it would be over in 60 days, and that it was just "a passing incident in our national lives". He also thought that the government shouldn't help the homeless and poor. However, his attitude changed later on. He began to create different organizations to help.
MacArthur and Eisenhower
General MacArthur and MacArthur’s aide, Eisenhower, were both called in to Washington D.C. after the Bonus Army marched in. MacArthur and Eisenhower’s troops, including tanks, machine guns, and cavalry, were called in to enter and burn down the camps of the protesters. The former veterans, which were the protesters, and their families fled from the Army. Afterwards, Americans were outraged since the government attacked it’s own citizens that served in the war before.
In January 1932, Hoover asked Congress to create the RFC, or Reconstruction Finance Corporation. The RFC gave money to businesses and programs that provided relief to the poor. The directors of the RFC did not want to make a lot of loans, so they ended up having most of their loan money untouched.
In 1931 he authorized additional federal spending on public works-projects such as highways,parks,and libraries-to create new jobs. State and local government ran out of money,however, and the combined spending by all three levels of government declined
The Bonus Army was a protest group of former World War I veterans. They were already having hard times, and couldn't support their families, so the marched to Washington demanding the $1,000 the government promised them. The march on Washington by the Bonus Army turned many Americans, who were already blaming Hoover for the Depression, firmly against the president.
Some cities withheld part of city workers' wages, already reduced, to fund soup kitchens. But the number who needed help was simply overwhelming. Charities,Churches,and Volunteers worked heroically to relief, or aid for the steady.
Election of 1932
The election of 1932 was between Franklin Roosevelt and Herbert Hoover. The main issue that was discussed during the campaigns was the economy since the Great Depression had already greatly impacted Americans. Since Franklin Roosevelt had many political and media allies, he won with a 57% majority of the popular vote. He attacked Hoover’s policies, which he believed to be the reason to the Great Depression. Hoover was also known for causing the Great Depression, so FDR won the election very easily.
The American Journey, Glencoe