The Language Arts Test will be Wednesday, February 5th!! Please study the following concepts. You will need to apply these concepts to correctly answer each question.


Connects individual words or groups of words. 3 types

1. Coordinating (FANBOYS)

2. Correlative - use in pairs (either/or; neither/nor)

3. Subordinating - introduces a dependent clause (after, although, as, because, if, that , since, though, until, when, where, while...)

Conjunction Junction....Best School House Rock

Independent and Dependent Clauses

Independent Clause expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence.

  • We have a test tomorrow.

Dependent Clause does NOT express a complete thought, so it cannot stand alone. Dependent clauses often begin with a subordinating conjunction.

  • Because we have a test tomorrow


  • Capitalize names of people and places (proper nouns).
  • Capitalize people's initials and acronyms. Acronyms are words formed from the first letter of each word in a phrase. Example: Realty Office and Professional Services (R.O.P.S.)
  • Capitalize abbreviations - Brenham Middle School (BMS); Brenham Independent School District (BISD)
  • Capitalize the name or organizations (Girl Scouts)

Underlining & Italics

Underline - when you hand write

Italics - when you type

Underline or Italicize titles of:

  • books - Shiloh or Shiloh
  • plays - Wicked or Wicked
  • very long poems - The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere or The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere
  • magazines - National Geographic or National Geographic
  • newspapers - Brenham Banner Press or Brenham Banner Press
  • television programs - Phineas and Ferb or Phineas and Ferb
  • movies - The Nut Job or The Nut Job
  • album of music - the name of the song is in quotation marks
  • names of ships and aircrafts - Titanic or Titanic

Simple and Compound Sentences

Simple Sentence - one independent clause. It has a subject and a predicate and expresses a complete thought.

  • We have a test tomorrow.
  • I should study.

Compound Sentence - made up to TWO or more simple sentences joined together. One way to join simple sentences is by using a comma and a coordinating conjunction.

  • We have a test tomorrow, so I should study.

Run-on and Fragment

Run-on - two or more sentences that run together.

  • We have a test tomorrow we really need to study so we can make a good grade because I don't want to make a bad grade and get in trouble.

To fix a run on turn it into TWO sentences or turn it into a compound sentence.

  • We have a test tomorrow. We really need to study, so we can make a good grade.

Fragment - an incomplete sentence that is MISSING a SUBJECT (noun), a PREDICATE (verb), or both.

  • Went to the library to complete homework.

Identifying Run-On Sentences
The Sentence Fragments Song