A vaccine preventable illness
Identification and Definition
History of HPV
Signs and symptoms of HPV
There is no definitive way to test for HPV due to the nonexistent symptoms of the virus, so in many cases patients are screened for STIs and cervical cancer. HPV can be treated and will heal itself, but there have been some cases that can cause health problems like genital warts and cancer.
- Genital warts: a group of bumps in the genital area that is characterized by size, and shape which can be raised or sometimes flat, that resembles cauliflower.
- Cervical cancer: symptoms don't show until in advanced stages, because of this it is important that women 30+ years of age are regularly screened.
Transmission of HPV
Recommended control measures for HPV
-Vaccinations: HPV vaccines are available to men and women. The vaccine is administered in 3 doses over 6 months and recommended for boys and girls ages 11-12, gay/bisexual men, and for persons with compromised immune systems.
-Screening for cervical cancer: Recommended for women ages 21-65 years old.
-If you are sexually active: Use condoms the correct way: this sometimes give a false sense of security due to the fact that HPV has the ability to infect ares not covered by a condom.
* It is also recommended that sexually active persons refrain from having multiple sex partners.