Minnesota's Prairie Grassland Biome

Located in Southwestern Minnesota - by James Khoruts

Biome specific details

Many years ago, southwestern Minnesota was undergoing glaciation of bedrock, creating more flat areas, with some slopes that allowed for a climate with a medium temperature. A lot of this can also be explained by water running through the land, causing the prairie biome to be realized. Once soil could become part of the land, this lead to lots of vegetation, especially grass. However, because parts of the prairie grassland biome are dry, this can lead to fire. Fire and drought cause the grass to run down somewhat; this can make it easier for animals, such as the Red Fox, to run and catch their prey; while destroying the resources for other animals. Researchers have also found that having a herd of Bison can preserve the prairies because of how they use their niche.

Abiotic Factors that create the Prairie Grassland Biome

As a type of a prairie biome, the Prairie Grassland Biome in Minnesota is prone to moderate rainfall, and consistent climates and temperatures. These temperatures range from an average of 60° to 74° during the summer. The soil is quite fertile, as this biome has a lot of grass scattered around it. Some soil near areas with higher amounts of water, the soil may find it's way on top of bedrock to make it even more fertile. The Prairie Grassland Biome usually ranges from very dry, to very wet; with drier areas suffering from fires, and wet areas take in high amounts of rain.