Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Joel Duval

Class 6.

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Fact 1: Causes

While the exact cause is not known, it commonly occurs while the infant is sleeping; this the nickname 'crib death'. It happens unexpectedly, and can affect even the healthiest of babies. However African American babies are twice likely to experience SIDS compared to Native American babies, how are three times as likely to experience it than Caucasian infants. There is no single significant factor of SIDS but a compilation of multiple factors that will increase the risk of an infant to die.

Fact 2: Bedding

The best kind of bed for an infant is a firm mattress, with no sheets. This will prevent the baby from suffocation while sleeping. Don't let your baby bring any toys into the crib, make sure to keep the crib bare. If you chose to use sheets, make sure the blanket is not able to stretch over your baby's head. Make sure it is not to thick, but a light blanket.

Fact 3: Sleeping

When it is time to put your baby to bed, do not sleep with the baby in your own bed. The infant should always sleep in his or hers own crib. NEVER put your baby to sleep on its side or its stomach, this increases the risk of SIDs greatly! The back is the safest position for the baby to sleep until they are able to roll over by themselves. In which case you still should put them to bed on their back, however it is less likely they will become stuck on their stomach.

Fact 4: Prevention

There are many ways to prevent the risk of Sids, like the ones mentioned above, and as follows:

  • Do not smoke, drink or take drugs while pregnant

  • Tobacco smoking should never happen around an infant

  • keep the baby cool at night, to prevent overheating

  • Swaddle your baby

  • Make sure the baby's crib is located in your room so it is easily accessible.

  • Use a pacifier when the baby sleeps.