Type 2 Diabetes

lack of insulin impacting blood glucose levels

So What Happens?

What sparks type two diabetes is not completely known, however, excess weight and inactivity are seemingly the primary cause. Whatever the cause, the body fails to produce enough insulin or the body becomes completely insulin resistant. Insulin, the hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells, is essential to regulating blood glucose levels. Without insulin, glucose sugar remains in the blood stream, which is a problem considering glucose is a main source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and other tissues. As glucose sugar builds up in the blood stream, beta cells in the pancreas produce more insulin, but gradually the cells burn out and can not produce enough insulin to meet the bodies demand. The lack of insulin triggers a lot of unfortunate symptoms for people with type two diabetes. For starters, thirst and frequent urination, the increase of sugar in the bloodstream causes fluids to be extracted from tissues: leaving you thirsty, causing you to drink more, and inevitably urinating more. Intense hunger is also derived from type two diabetes. Because of the absence of insulin, sugar is not properly moved into cells, depleting muscles and organs of energy and making you hungry. The lack of sugar in cells also makes you tired and irritable. Lastly, blurred vision can be a result of fluid being pulled from eye lenses because blood sugar is to high. All in all, type two diabetes can effect heart and blood vessels, nerves, kidneys, eyes, feet, hearing, and skin. It is clear type two diabetes is quite a nuisance, thankfully, basic treatments are available.


Two simple ways of treating diabetes is by eating healthfully and regularly exercising. When having type two diabetes it is best to eat high fiber, low-fat foods. Other treatment methods include diabetes medication, insulin therapy, and blood sugar monitoring. Which medication works best depends on blood sugar level and other possible health problems. Metformin is a popular medication used to boost sensitivity of body tissues in order to use insulin more effectively. Sulfonylureas, another medicine, simply helps the body secrete more insulin.

Joshua Saufley


"Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your body's important source of fuel." http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/basics/definition/con-20031902