The Republic

Rome's Success (49 B.C.)

Carthage Defeated in the Third Punic War (149-146 B.C.)

About a century ago, Rome went into the Third Punic War with Carthage. The Third Punic War was the last battle fought in the Punic Wars. The two civilizations fought for control of land, specifically the Island of Sicily and the Western Mediterranean. The First Punic War began in 264 B.C., it was mostly fought on sea. Although the Romans were severely outnumbered, they managed to devise a plan that would defeat the Carthaginians.

The Romans found an abandoned Carthaginian ship washed up on the shore, and imitated the way it was built, to make an entire fleet of the ships. Once the war began, the Romans sailed out on the "fake" Carthaginian ships, and attacked the enemies catching them off guard. This was the first of three Roman victories. The Second Punic War began when Hannibal, a Carthaginian leader, led his army of soldiers and elephants through a wintry terrain to attack Rome. Many of his soldiers died, and they were defeated and conquered by Rome.

The Third and last Punic War marked the complete destruction of Carthage. Cato, a Roman senator, wanted Carthage destroyed and invaded in 146 B.C. Carthage was burned down, and Rome gained control of all of the Western Mediterranean and regions up to Asia Minor. The Punic Wars let Rome rise and become the strongest civilization of the time.

Julius Caesar- Our New Ruler (49 B.C.)

Julius Caesar has become Rome's new ruler. He brought Rome back together after the Punic Wars since around 50 B.C. Winning the Punic Wars was a great success for Rome, but returning soldiers came back with no work and became poor. Many people became poor, while rich landowners got richer and richer. The poor got angry and rioted, which caused the republic of Rome to be in an unsafe position. Many leaders had tried to get Rome under control again, but all failed- except for Julius Caesar.

Caesar got his powerful position by slowing working up the ranks. He began working politically as the governor of Spain. He became part of the First Triumvirate, along with Crassus and Pompey. The First Triumvirate talked and bribed the Rome Senate to higher their ranks, and Julius became governor of three more regions: Gaul, Britain, and Germania.

Caesar built a powerful army of soldiers who were all extremely loyal to him. He was a strong leader, and expanded Rome as he prevented more civil war. Julius Caesar became very powerful and implemented several reforms while he ruled. He will probably continue to help Rome expand, but hopefully he won't turn out to be another harsh dictator.

Restaurant Review: Little Rome

A new restaurant has opened in town recently: Little Rome. The restaurant is very nice, maybe four out of five stars. The food, environment, and service are all very good. They have many great traditional Roman dishes. They have foods including Thynnus (Tuna), Libum (Roman Cheesecake), and Isicia Omentata (Hamburgers).

Little Rome has many delicious foods, but they're most known for their Globuli, a sweet, fried curd cheese. Globuli is a popular Roman food, but Little Rome's Globuli is incomparable. Globuli is made by mixing curd cheese, loose dough, and semolina flour and forming small, round dumplings with it. These dumplings are then fried and dipped in honey.

Little Rome is one of the very few decent restaurants in town, so we hope it stays for around long time! This restaurant might even become the best one in the area!

Apollo: the Sun God

Our gods play such important roles in our lives. Speaking of which, Apollo, the sun and light god, is the reason the sun rises and sets every dawn and dusk. Apollo led his chariot of fiery horses and dragged the sun across the sky. He is an important god, so the Colossus at Rhodes was built to honor him.

Apollo is the son of Jupiter, and has a twin sister, Diana. Apollo was also the god of music (he plays the lyre), truth, archery, healing, the arts, and others.

Should Caesar be Overthrown?

Julius Caesar has done a great job of bringing Rome back together, but is he gaining too much power? Probably. He has an immense army of loyal soldiers who will follow any and every command he gives, and he's the dictator of Rome! The Senate, for one thing, is definitely not happy with Caesar's position. They want him overthrown.

Caesar has finished his job, and needs to step down. After all, he created many reforms that all changed Rome for the better. His reforms included: expanding Roman citizenship to people outside of Rome to encourage the growth of the Roman Republic; increased the Senate to 900 people (from 500), thus decreasing the power of the Patricians; made landowners use free labor for a portion of their workforce in place of slaves; establish colonies in other countries to to get more land for the poor; and he established the Julian Calendar.

Despite his accomplishments, he'll sooner or later begin to abuse his power and turn into a harsh and cruel ruler of Rome. He needs lose all the power before that happens. Fortunately, the Senate is looking into ways to overthrow Caesar and take his power away. Unfortunately for Caesar, many are sided with the Senate, and things are starting to look bad for Caesar.