Types of Mining

Jayce Vitty and Greg Villarroel

Surface vs. Subsurface Mining

There are two usual types of mining: surface and subsurface mining. We are going to explain both types.

Surface Mining

Mining in which soil and rock on top of the mineral deposit are removed.

Subsurface Mining

The removal of ores and minerals from underground.


There is also a method of retrieving oil from the ground, called hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. This is a process of drilling sown into the earth before a high pressure water mixture is directed at the rock to release the gas inside.
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