Classifying The Colonies

Payton Cupstid 4th Period

Jamestown

1) First permanent British North American Colony
  • England had failed once to try and settle North America, but Jamestown is known to be the first successful British settlement in North America


2) 1607

  • The year Jamestown was founded


3) Captain John Smith
  • The short-term leader who took leadership in starting the colony of Jamestown
  • He organized labor and helped supply the colony with crops
  • He soon had to return to England because of severe powder burns.


4) John Rolfe

  • The long-term leader who helped Jamestown prosper as a colony
  • He introduced the tobacco plant to North America
  • He also founded the plantation system.


5) The House of Burgesses

  • The first legislative assembly of North America (1619)


6) Virginia Company

  • The joint-stock company that invested into the settlement of Jamestown


7) "Starving Time"

  • A time of drought, fire, Indian attacks, disease and starvation for the colony
  • 1609-1610


8) Tobacco

  • Jamestown's cash crop that allowed the colony to flourish


9) Dutch Ship

  • The ship carried 20 blacks for sale to help the colony thrive
  • First case of slaves in North America


10) Indians

  • Jamestown's settlement conflicted with the Indian tribes whom settled prior to the English; leading to 2 different attacks



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The original House Of Burgesses


The Colony of Virginia Founded in 1607

Massachusetts Bay

1) Refuge for puritains
  • This was the man purpose for the settlement in Massachusetts Bay


2) Mayflower

  • Carried the first settlers from England to the colony


3) Ann Hutchinson

  • Religious leader
  • Removed from the colony due to her beliefs


4) John Winthrop

  • Massachusetts Bay colony's first governor
  • Helped teach colonies how to use resources and skills


5) 1630

  • The year the colony was established


6) Boston

  • Capital of Massachusetts Bay colony


7) Roger Williams

  • He was banished due to his strong religious beliefs and opinions against puritans
  • Salem minister


8) Massachusetts Bay Company

  • England company that established the colony


9) Salem

  • The first city of the colony that was civilized and settled


10) Boston

  • Capital


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Pennsylvania

1) William Penn
  • Founded Pennsylvania


2) Quakers

  • Pacifists
  • Fair to the Indians
  • Were against the idea of predestination


3) Freedom

  • Freedom of worship
  • Freedom of religion


4) Agriculture & Manufacturing

  • Both industries were the two major sources of income


5) 1681

  • The year the colony was established


6) Ethnicity

  • Pennsylvania was unique in that it attracted a rich mix of ethnic groups


7) 1700

  • The colony's population and economy is thriving only after 19 years


8) One of the "Bread Colonies"

  • Had rich soil and fertile land to produce massive amounts of crops


9) King Charles II

  • Granted William Penn the land


10) Philadelphia

  • Major port city
Group of Quakers
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The Colony of Pennsylvania Founded in 1681

Maryland

1) Lord Baltimore
  • Founder of Maryland
  • Governed as ruler in a feudal relationship


2) 1634

  • The year the colony was founded


3) Tobacco

  • Maryland's main crop


4) Proprietary colony

  • The colony's social relations pertained to ownership (feudal system)


5) Toleration Act of 1649

  • Gave toleration to all Christian believers
  • Highly supported by the catholics
  • Sentenced those to death who denied the existence of the Messiah


6) Catholicism

  • Maryland was considered to be religious freedom for catholics


7) Henrietta Maria

  • Maryland was named after her
  • Queen of England at the time


8) King Charles I

  • Granted Lord Baltimore the Maryland Charter


9) Ark & Dove

  • The two names of the ships that carried the first settlers abroad shore to Maryland


10) March 1655

  • Civil War broke out due to religious controversy
  • Lord Baltimore lost his authority as proprietor
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Colonists involved in religious conflict

(Catholics vs. Puritans)


The Colony of Maryland Founded in 1632

Georgia

1) Silk & Wine
  • Both were the main exports for the colony


2) 1733

  • The year the colony was founded


3) James Oglethorpe

  • Founder of the colony


4) HMS ANNE

  • The name of the ship to carry the first settlers to Georgia


5) Savannah

  • Large port city


6) Last of 13 Colonies to establish

  • Was established to protect South Carolina from the Spaniards and French


7) King George II

  • Granted Oglethorpe the land
  • The colony was named after him


8) Warm climate

  • Allowed crops to grow


9) Royal Colony

  • Form of government in 1775


10) Large forests

  • Provided lumber for trade
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The Colony of Georgia Founded in 1732