The Revolution

Tara O'Donnell 4th period

The Road Revolution

The Revolution was a long and hard process, but it ended in the freedom of the colonies. The reason for the war was because the colonist were very upset that Britain was taxing them with out their consent. Like Samuel Adams said "No taxation without Representation". It all started with the Proclamation of 1763, which stated that the colonist could not settle further then the Appalachian mountains. The King of England also pasted many acts such as: the Sugar act, Quartering Act, Stamp Act, Tea Act and Townshend Act. It soon escalated with the Boston Massacre. This was where 5 men were killed by angry British troops. Next came the Boston Tea Party, where colonist dressed up as Native Americans and threw 340 chests of tea off of a boat docked at the Boston Harbor; this was in response to the Tea Act. Britain was furious that the colonist became so out of control, so Parliament passed the 6 Intolerable Acts.
The Americans had had enough, they wanted free from England. The Revolutionary War began when Paul Revere rode through Concord yelling "The British are coming, the British are coming". With this news The Rebels waited at Lexington for the Red Coats. The Battle of Lexington and Concord will forever be remembered as the battle that started the war. After, Thomas Pain wrote Common Sense, a pamphlet that stated that the citizens should be in charge of their laws. Following soon was the Declaration of Independence, this document pronounced the reasons why the colonists didn't want to be under British power. This was sent to the King, who didn't even fully read it.
The next major battle was the Battle of Saratoga, where the Continental Army defeated the largest British army, led by General John Burgoyne. Winter rolled around, where Washington and his troops took the hardest test of the lifes. This tough winter was known as the Winter at Valley Forge. The war that was considered the last major battle of the the Revolution was the Battle of Yorktown. Where the Continental Army cornered General Cornwallis and his army, they ended up surrendering. The Americans had won, they have freedom and the Treaty of Paris confirmed it.

Lexington & Concord, 1775

This was two battles that marked the beginning of the Revolutionary War.
1. Made up of two battles
2. Paul Revere warned the Rebels about this by riding through Concord shouting "The British are coming, the British are coming"
3.Began on April 18, 1775
4.Nobody knows who fired the first shot
5.It marked the beginning of the revolutionary war

Common Sense, 1776

Common Sense was a pamphlet that argued that the citizens should make their laws.
1. Published anonymously.
2.Nobody new but, Thomas Paine was the author.
3. Contained 47 pages
4. Was distributed throughout Pennsylvanian in January of 1776
5. The pamphlet spread quickly, selling about 500,000

Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence, created by the 2nd Continental Congress, pronounced the reasons why the 13 colonies wanted to be free from British power.
1. Was sent to King George lll
2. Signed on July 4, 1776
3. All representatives from the 13 colonies signed this declaration
4. This day became a national holiday, celebrating American liberty
5. The Declaration of Independece was publibly read on July 8, 1776 in Philadelphia

The Battle of Saratoga, 1777

The battle of Saratoga was between the Continental Army and the largest British army.
1. The British Army was led by General John Burgoyne
2. The American army was led by General Horatio Gates
3. The Continental Army won
4. General Burgoyne was surprised because, like the other British generals, he thought of the Americans as ignorant farmers
5. With this win Ben Franklin was able to persuade the French to send supplies

The Winter at Valley Forge, 1777-1778

Although this wasn't a battle it was a test, where Washington and his troops faced a harsh winter.

1. 12,000 troops

2. In the harsh cold winter many were suffering from disease and pneumonia

3. Two men Baron Von Steuben and Marquis de Lafayette came from France to help in the training

4. Lafayette was order by the king not to go, but he purchased a boat, got together some volunteers and sailed across the Atlantic

5. His volunteer service was considered a major triumph in the American cause

The Battle of Yorktown, 1781

After several years of fighting the Americans and some French had General Cornwallis and hid troops surrender at Yorktown.
1. Washington and his troops cornered and British General Charles Cornwallis, in the end they had to surrender
2. Cornwallis had about 8,000 troops
3.Cornwallis stayed in his tent during the surrender ceremony, he said he was sick. When in reality he could bare to surrender to the Continental Army.
4.This was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War
5. It was said that after this battle the British gave up the fight

The Treaty of Paris, 1773

The Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War
1. One thing it stated was that the British will recognize the colonies freedom
2. It stated the British will take all of their troops out of the colonies
3. It said that the new colonizing boundary is the Mississippi river
4.The treaty involved a lot of negotiating
5. The Treaty of Paris was signed in Hotel d'York