Apartheid

Segregation In Africa

The 'What' Of It . . .

What Is Apartheid? Apartheid is the segregating or separating of people by race that took place in Africa a little over 20 years ago. The races were separated into 4 groups: Blacks(Bantu); "Coloreds" or people of mixed race; Asians; and then Whites or Europeans who ruled at the time even though they were the minority.

What does the word "Apartheid" mean? "Apartheid" means separation. So, the name naturally fit the situation that South Africa was facing at the time.

Why was the Apartheid created? People felt that it was needed to separate the races instead of the natural mixing that was already there. Whites wanted to be in control so they began segregating the people to decrease non-white's authority. In South Africa, some felt that the nation would be swamped and overcome if they continued with the mixing of races.

The Importance Of It . . .

What was the Apartheid's impact on the non-white population in South Africa? They were only allowed to live on less than 20% of the land, had to carry identification with them wherever they went, separate public facilities, limited labor unions, and weren't allowed to participate in government. The Europeans were taking their land and forcing all the non-whites to live in cramped neighborhoods with hard jobs, taking away their citizenship while they got all the money and luxury.

How did the rest of the world react to Apartheid? The rest of the world, in reaction to Apartheid, began to boycott items from South Africa along with banning them from participating in the Olympics.

What other events were important to Apartheid? The Great Depression and World War II brought economic woes to Africa which encouraged them to start the segregation. The Population Registration Act of 1950 was also the framework for the separation of races.

The 'Who' Of It . . .

Who is Nelson Mandela? An African man who became a symbol for protest against Apartheid. He was in prison for over 20 years for demonstration and when released, soon became the president of South Africa.

What role did he play in ending Apartheid? He helped lead the protest into winning equal treatment for non-whites. He represented the fight against the government. Without him, the non-whites Africans may still be under Apartheid.

Who is F.W. de Klerk? He was a leader of South Africa, being voted as leader in year 1989. Even though he was an Afrikaner but thought it was time to begin working with the non-whites instead of continuing to segregate them.

What role did he play in ending Apartheid? He let the whites know that it was time to end Apartheid. One of his first acts as leader was releasing Nelson Mandela from prison.

The 'Where' And 'When' Of It . . .

Where-What country? Apartheid took place in South Africa.

When-What year did Apartheid begin to what year Apartheid ended? Apartheid started the year 1948 and ended the year 1993. Which is almost scary to think about. It ended fairly recently.

The 'Happy Ending' Of It . . .

Explain the process or events that led to the end of Apartheid. F.W. de Klerk was elected. It might not seem like a big deal but is. He wanted to end Apartheid which the previous leaders since the start of Apartheid hadn't wanted. He released Nelson Mandela from prison and soon enough, Nelson Mandela was elected president on May 9th, 1994 in the first vote where the non-whites could finally vote.

How do non-whites live today? Today, non-whites and whites are treated as equals. They are citizens, and non-whites can do the same whites can do. They live in big cities, and are involved in the government.


The 'What Now?' Of It . . .

Why does Apartheid and/or the end of Apartheid matter? The Apartheid is apart of Africa's history. It actually happened. It isn't something any of us can change. It's a large part of the way they live today. It's a story, almost. A story that should be told to help us understand why they live the way they live. The end of Apartheid signaled freedom for those who couldn't vote, who were no longer citizens in their own country, who were forced to carry identification with them wherever they went. They were freed.

What lessons can we learn from Apartheid and/or the end of Apartheid? A lesson we could learn from Apartheid is the need for equal treatment. We learned that segregating by race wasn't right. Treating some better than others isn't fair and people will take a stand since it isn't right. It serves as a reminder that unfair treatment will not be left unnoticed and will be put right sooner or later. In the Apartheid's case, later.