The utopian movement: Since americans concluded that society had corrupted human nature they decided the solution was to form a utopia ((ideal society)). Corporative living and the absence of private property characterized these communities. Shakers ((a religious group)) established utopian communities. They did not believe in marrying or having children so they only expanded by making converts.
The Brook Farm was the best know utopia. It was a cooperative community in Massachusetts, and the Oneida community, a religious society in upstate New York.