SQ4R Study Strategy

TT # 42 by Jessa Jones

What is SQ4R?

SQ4R study strategy uses 6 steps-
  1. Survey
  2. Questions
  3. Read
  4. Recite
  5. Relate
  6. and Review

Students use this strategy to read and remember information in content-area reading assignments.

Why use this instructional strategy?

  • SQ4R is the best known study strategy
  • Most commonly used tool for remembering information from chapters in content-area textbooks
  • Students slow down and focus on the big picture ideas presented in the text when they focus on the steps in SQ4R

Instructional Focuses are: Comprehension and Content Areas
  • Grade Levels 6-8

How to use SQ4R

  1. Survey- Students preview the reading assignment, noting heading and skimming, or rapidly reading the introduction or summary. They activate prior knowledge and organize what they'll read.
  2. Question- Students turn each heading into a question before reading the section. Reading to find the answer to the question gives students a purpose for reading.
  3. Read- Students read the section to find the answers to the questions they've formulated. They read each section separately.
  4. Recite- Immediately after reading each section, students recite from memory the answer to the question they have formulated and other important information they've read. They can answer the questions orally or in writing.
  5. Relate- Students think about ways to link new ideas to what they already know about a topic.
  6. Review- After reading students take time to review by asking themselves the questions they have developed from each heading and answering these questions by recalling the reading.
SQ3R Reading Method

When to use SQ4R

Students should use the SQ4R study strategy during thematic units when they're reading content-area textbooks and want to remember what they are reading.

Common Core State Standards For ELA

This instructional strategy supports these Common Core state standards for Reading: Informational Text:
  • Students identify main ideas in a text.
  • Students cite textual evidence to support their understanding.
  • Students analyze the relationship between individual, events, and ideas in a text.


Anderson, T.H., & Armbruster, B.B. (1984). Studying In P. D. Pearson, R. Barr, M. L.Kamil,
& P. Mosenthal (Eds.), Handbook of reading research (pp. 657-679). New York: Longman

Daniels, H., & Zemelman, S. (2004). Subjects matter: Every teacher's guide to content-area
Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Robinson, F.P. (1946). Effective Study. New York: Harper & Row.

Q3R Reading Method. (n.d.). Retrieved February 14, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dhcSP_Myjg