Dwight Eisenhower

Historical Figure

Overview of His Life

-Born Dwight David Eisenhower on October 14, 1890 in Denison, Texas to David and Elizabeth Eisenhower

-3rd of 7 children

-Moved to Abilene, Kansas shortly after he was born

-His younger brother Paul died of diphtheria but he still had happy memories as a child

-Graduated from Abilene High School in 1909, and went to work to help his brother pay for college

-Joined West Point Military Academy in 1911

-Met Mamie Geneva Doud while stationed in Texas and married her after 9 months

-First child Doud Dwight born in 1917, died of scarlet fever in 1920

-Second child John Sheldon Doud born in 1922

-Graduated first in his class from the General Staff School in Fort Leavenworth in 1926

-Served under General Douglas MacArthur as his military assistant in the Phillipines from 1935-1939

-Transferred to the War Plans Division in 1942

-Became Commander in Chief

-Led invasion in N. Africa (Operation Torch)

-Commander of the Attack on Normandy in 1944

-Received a hero's welcome home in 1945

-President of Columbia University from 1948-1950: left his post to be Supreme Allied Commander of NATO

-While in Paris, was convinced by the Republican Party to run as the Republican candidate from the presidency

-Won Election of 1952 by a landslide

-Negotiated peace between North and South Korea's border in 1953

-Atoms for Peace

-Meeting in Geneva to stop the threat of Atomic war in 1955

-Suffered from a heart attack in late 1955

-Re-elected for president in 1956

-Signed the 1957 Civil Rights Act

-NASA

-Left office after his second term in 1961, after his speech regarding the "industrial-military complex"

-Went to Gettysburg with his family and lived the rest of his life keeping an office in Gettysburg College, writing his memoirs and holding meetings

-Died in March of 1969 as a result of long-term heart problems

Life Influences

Elizabeth Eisenhower- Eisenhower's mother was a very influential figure in his life. The Eisenhowers when Dwight was a child were very poor, and this brought their relatively large family together. He became close with his mother as she would help him whenever he needed help with almost anything. "Many such persons of her faith, selflessness, and boundless consideration of others have been called saintly. She was that—but above all she was a worker, an administrator, a teacher and guide, a truly wonderful woman."


Winston Churchill- The British PM was a heavy influence on Eisenhower's military tactics and many of his campaigns against the Soviet Union during the tension-filled Cold War. Churchill introduced Eisenhower to the act of spying and stealth and many campaigns during World War II. The U-2 stealth flight missions were also a direct result of Winston Churchill's teachings.

"Pessimism never won any battle."

Atoms for Peace

I would be prepared to submit to the Congress of the United States, and with every expectation of approval, any such plan that would, first, encourage world-wide investigation into the most effective peacetime uses of fissionable material, and with the certainty that the investigators had all the material needed for the conducting of all experiments that were appropriate; second,begin to diminish the potential destructive power of the world's atomic stockpiles; third, allow all peoples of all nations to see that, in this enlightened age, the great Powers of the earth, both of the East and of the West, are interested in human aspirations first rather than in building up the armaments of war; fourth, open up a new channel for peaceful discussion and initiative at least a new approach to the many difficult problems that must be solved in both private and public conversations if the world is to shake off the inertia imposed by fear and is to make positive progress towards peace.


-This paragraph is basically a long sentence: this syntax is used to unify ideas into one body

-He gives not just himself, but also the public, some checkpoints to watch out for

-Uses sophisticated words such as "armaments" and "fissioning" to make himself sound like an expert on the topic

"Money and Power"

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Ike's Spies: Eisenhower and the Espionage Establishment

This book was so thrilling and action-packed and made me wonder what was coming next. Ambrose does an excellent job detailing Churchill's introduction of espionage to Eisenhower, the U2 flights, and the overthrows of Iran's and Guatemala's government in secret, covert operations.
Ike's Spies

Compare and Contrast

I don't think Eisenhower would be as successful as he was back then in today's society. He always thought for the future which the public would still love about him. His calmness, however, would not be a hit among today's public, as long-term solutions are not what the American public wants: they want fast, almost immediate results, and with the calmness Eisenhower had, suspicion would rise as people would think Eisenhower had bad intentions of doing something. If I had his skills, I would join or create organizations to help people who don't have the same advantages I do. I would strive for equality and freedom, just as Eisenhower had done.

Historiography

http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2012/09/the-brilliant-prudence-of-dwight-eisenhower/262556/


Evan Thomas, in his article "The Brilliant Prudence of Dwight Eisenhower," explains the the cautiousness of President Eisenhower through specific examples that showcase his abilities. Thomas exhibits a rather admiring look on Eisenhower's presidency, trying to tell the reader that his reputation grew as the years passed.

Eisenhower was the 34th president of the US, and was not a man who reacted with impulse towards his problems. He took the time to break them down and slowly worked to achieve his goals. As president, he stopped the Korean War by threatening to use nuclear weapons, which may seem a little impulsive, but Eisenhower did not ever do something without prior planning. When meeting Khrushchev, the ignorant leader of Russia, discussing the ultimatum he delivered to the West telling them to get out of Berlin, Eisenhower took his time to get to know Khrushchev, and finally got him to recant his statement after showing him his grandchildren. Before the planned summit a year later however, A U2 pilot was shot down in Russian airspace: Khrushchev called off the summit and the Cold War got a whole lot worse. Eisenhower still tried to get things to settle down, trying to get his enemy to talk to him again, but it did not work, and Russia hated the West even more.

American Experience

Dwight Eisenhower was a true American. He served in the army to protect the ideology of freedom, which he thought was a very important thing. He also led the US by being the president, trying to make freedom available for all around the world. He gave his life for America, and made many sacrifices along the way. His altruistic qualities allowed him to give everyone everything he had, and his calmness and wiseness allowed America to benefit in the long run. He dedicated his life to the betterment of all people, and strived to help his people achieve what they want, and that is what a true American does.

Bridge of Spies

This a a Cold War film based off of the shooting down of a U-2 stealth plane and the legal case that runs between the lawyer who negotiates the pilot's release and the Russian government.