Meiosis and Mitosis

Biology

Meiosis


  • Meiosis creates gametes (sex cells). It creates this through a process of nuclear division that reduces the number of chromosomes by half.
  • There are 2 stages of meiosis and 4 phases. (Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase and Cytokinesis)
  • The sperm cells and egg cells produce 23 chromosomes each to equal a total of 46.
  • This process occurs in humans, animals, plants and fungi.

Mitosis

  • It is part of a process that cell division that results in an identical replica.
  • The word mitosis means thread.
  • Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase and Telophase are the steps for this process.
  • It has the equal number of chromosomes even though from one organism.
  • This is in all organisms.

Compare and Contrast

  • Meiosis- sexual reproduction Mitosis- asexual
  • Meiosis has 2 stages and mitosis has 1
  • Meiosis takes place in humans, animals, plants and fungi; Mitosis takes place in all organisms.
  • In in meiosis the cells get half the chromosomes from the male and half from the female.; In mitosis the cells get all the chromosomes from one organism