Novel Smore

Jessica Winkler

Flashback

a scene set in a time earlier than the main story

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The little mermaid has a flashback when she is thinking of the prince.

Foreshadowing

a hint about what is going to happen later in a story

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The death of Bambi's mother in Bambi.

Euphemism

a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant

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The family had to live on the street.

Style

the particular way in which a writer uses language; created through diction (word choice) or figurative language

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An author uses first person, second person, and third person point of view when they write.

Structure

the way in which the author organizes a piece of literature

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A poem is written in stanzas.

Inference

a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning

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People make inferences to predict what is going to happen later on in the story.

Imagery

visually descriptive or figurative language; the senses are used to create an image in a reader’s mind

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Readers use imagery when they read to make a book more interesting.

Simile

comparing two things using “like” or “as”

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The girl was as quiet as a mouse.

Metaphor

comparing two things without using “like” or “as”

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Life is like a journey, a game, a dance, a dream.

Personification

giving human characteristics to inanimate objects


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The leaves danced in the wind.

Allusion

a reference to a statement, person, place, or an event from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or pop culture

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“I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchio’s.”