The Roaring 20's

October 1927

Edited by: Steven Rushing and Jake Lumenti

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Table of Contents

Nativism: 3 Nativist laws and the KKK


Politics: Warren G. Harding and the Teapot Dome Scandal


Scopes Monkey Trail


Court Cases: Red scare, Palmer Raids, Sacco & Vanzetti, and Schneck vs. United States


Innovations, Innovators & Culture: Jazz age, Henry Ford, and Aviation


Letter to the Editor


Political Cartoon

Nativism

Nativism is the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants. It made a return in the 20s due to a large amount of immigration to America from places such as Europe and Japan. The Americans currently there had the idea that the immigrants were stealing their jobs. After many complaints, laws were made to limit immigration. For example, the Emergency Quota Act, the Immigration act, and the National Origins act.

Nativism: Emergency Quota act of 1921

Limited the amount of immigrants allowed in the US. The amount of immigrants allowed over was equal to 3% of the American population.

Nativism: Immigration Act of 1924

This act is a more serious Emergency Quota act by lowering the amount to 2% of America's population.

Nativism: National Origins Act of 1924

Established a system of national quotas that discriminated against southern and eastern Europeans, but entirely left out Asians.

Nativism: The Ku Klux Klan

The main reasons the KKK emerged once again were the murder of Mary J. Phagan in Atlanta and the movie Birth of a Nation. The murder of Mary J. Phagan was important to the rise of the new KKK because the 133 year old woman was found dead in a pencil factory having been raped, beaten, and strangled. The suspects were mainly black and that inspired people to target them again. The importance of Birth of a Nation to the rise of the KKK is that it got a lot of support by white people because of its showing of black people being the enemy. The KKK killed 416 African Americans between 1918 and 1927. They intimidated the African Americans by killing them in the streets and destroying churches, schools, and homes. They were responsible for many race riots and attacks on African Americans by white people and police.
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Politics: Warren G. Harding

Warren G. Harding was the 29th President of our beloved United States. Unfortunately, he was only president for 2 years. Though his term was filled with scandal, namely Teapot dome, he was a proponent of technology and was understanding of the hardships of women and minorities. He signed the Budget and Accounting Act, to help regulate the governments accounts, and the Sheppard-Towner Act, which helped create child health care services. Harding Unfortunately died in 1923, assumingly due to a heart attack.
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Politics: Teapot Dome Scandal

The Teapot Dome Scandal Was a bribery event that happened back in 1921 and 1922. Secretary of the interior Albert Bacon Fall leased petroleum reserves at Teapot Dome in Wyoming. to lesser known private oil companies. One of the companies being Mammoth Oil, he became a rich man in secret. He managed to keep everything from sleeping out, but his better standard of living was suspicious. Unfortunately for him, a large discovery destroyed the scandal, and he is still awaiting prosecution.
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Scopes Monkey Trial

John Scopes was a substitute teacher that on May 5th, 1925, was accused of violating the Butler act, which made it illegal to teach evolution in any Tennessee school. His defending lawyer, Clarence Darrow, turned the court's opinion of Scopes through the trial, to no avail, by challenging William Jennings Bryan's view of the bible. Scopes was still found guilty and fined $100, but his conviction was overturned because of the technicality of the judge setting the fine instead of the jury. The outcome was not of much importance, but the significance of the case created a controversy and conflict between evolutionists and creationists.

Court Cases: Red Scare

The Red Scare occurred Between 1919 and 1921. It was a Short period in time in which many americans felt vulnerable to communism. This fear led to many riots, strikes, and bombings within our country

Court Cases: Palmer Raids

The Palmer Raids happened as a result of the Red Scare, led to many arrests and even deportations. They were encouraged by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, whose political career was ruined because of it

Court Cases: Sacco & Vanzetti

Sacco and Vanzetti were criminals convicted for murder in an armed robbery. One problem with the trial, is that people used rehearsed testimonies in the court. They were found guilty and after had people begged for a new trial and to free them.

Court Cases: Schenck v. United States

Charles T. Schenck made a statement about the draft and to defy it. It was supposedly because he was a "clear and present danger" and needed to be convicted. The decision that he was guilty was unanimous by judge and court.

Innovations, Innovators & Culture

Jazz Age: A large musical movement that started in the late 1910s. the movements members mostly consists of Blacks, Women, and Youth.


Henry Ford: Henry Ford Created the Ford Motor Company in 1903. Ford is the leader in automotive transportation across the nation


Aviation: A man know as Charles Lindbergh became the first man to fly across the Atlantic ocean earlier this year. He made this Journey solo in his own airplane, which is named The Spirit of St. Louis

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Political Cartoon Analysis

The political analysis depicts America through Uncle Sam regulating immigration from Europe with the Emergency Quota act (the 3%).

Letter to the editor

I would like to state my opinion that the Radio Act of 1927 should be repealed because it goes against the first amendment by giving the speech on the radio to a new government agency. I am curious as to what you think about this subject. Write back at anytime at someone.example@gmail.com. Thank you for your time.