Do You Have What it Takes

The Legislative Branch

How long would you run?

Within the Legislative branch there is two houses; the Senate and House of Representatives.


- New Senators are elected every six years and new Representatives are elected every two years.


- When Representatives are done with their two years the state they live in can decide if they run again or elect a new Representative. There is no limit to how long a Representative can serve.

Do you meet the requirements to become a member?

House of Representatives

- must be 25 years or older

- a U.S citizen for seven years

- a resident of the state they represent


Senate

-must be 30 years or older

-a U.S citizen for at least 9 years

-a resident of the state they represent

What could you do?

House of Representatives

-can start laws that make people pay taxes

- decide if a government official should be put on trial before the Senate if they commit a crime against the country


Senate

-can say yes or no to the treaties the president makes

-say yes or no to any people the president recommends, Supreme Court Justices, and Ambassadors, and hold a trial for a government official who does something wrong.

Differences between the Houses

Senate:

  • 100 members
  • longer term (6 years)
  • less rules
  • broader constituency
  • generalist
  • more media coverage


House of Representatives:

  • 435 members
  • shorter term (two years)
  • more rules
  • narrower constituency
  • specialist
  • less media coverage

How Does a Bill Become a Law?

1. The bill is assigned to a committee and is studied. If the bill is released by the committee, a date is marked when the bill will be voted on by the House of Representatives.


2. The bill must have the majority of the votes (218 of 435) , if it passes the bill moves to the Senate.


3. In the Senate, the bill is assigned to another committee. If the bill passes the committee, then it will be voted on again. The bill must have the majority vote still (51 of 100).


4. Next a committee made of House and Senate members works out any of the differences between the House and Senate versions of the bill.


5. The bill then is then sent back to the Senate for final approval. The Government Printing Office prints out the revised bill.


6. The President has 10 days to sign or veto the bill or the House of Representatives and the Senate can have a 2/3 veto override to make the bill a law.

Sources:

"Watch HouseLive." The United States House of Representatives · House.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.


"U.S. Senate." U.S. Senate. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.


N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.


"The 3 Requirements You Have to Meet to Be a U.S. Senator." About.com News & Issues. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.


"The House of Representatives." The House of Representatives. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.