Nuclear Disaster: Kyshtym

29th of September of 1957 near Chelyabinsk, Russia

WHAT was the KYSHTYM DISASTER ?

Kyshtym was an explosion of a nuclear waste storage tank at the Mayak Nuclear Complex. Followed by an estimated amount of 70 to 80 TONS of radioactive materials in the air. To add to that, it scattered by the wind in 20,000 square kilometers.

But it was later covered up and turn into a "OFF LIMITS NATURE AREA".

WHO was INVOLVED ?

The USSR was in charge of the Mayak Nuclear Complex. The Soviet Union which was running behind the US in development of nuclear weapons in which the Mayak Nuclear Complex was built.
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FUN FACT: The Mayak Nuclear Complex was built in 1948.

WHAT CAUSED it ?

The coolant tubing in one of the nuclear waste tanks began leaking from the Mayak. Due to extremely poor engineering, the tank's structure did not allow for repairs of the system. Instead they shut off the water in which made the temperature & pressure inside the tank raised and so caused the explosion.

Chemicals ?

  • Sodium Nitrate
  • Acetate Salts
  • Uranium
  • Plutonium
  • Strontium -90
  • Cesium -137

HEALTH AFFECTS

Short Term

  • Over 470, 000 people were exposed to radiation
  • Over 200 people died of radiation sickness

Long Term

2nd & 3rd generation victims experience


  • Genetic disorders
  • Cancer
  • Leukemia
  • Birth defects
  • Other defects

DUE TO THE SECURITY SURROUNDING KYSHTYM-57 NO PICTURES REGARDING HUMAN HEALTH EFFECTS COULD BE FOUND

Environmental Effects

Short Term

Says that they saw bluish-purple in the sky as well as polar lights

and it affected some people with radioactive chemicals and things became contaminated. As well as


  • Rivers
  • Lakes
  • Tree
  • Plant life
  • Crops and Cattle life

Long Term

  • Most land will be contaminated for hundreds of years
  • Animals
  • Plants

Will experience birth defects and genetic disorders to radiation

EXTRA

  • 3rd most serious nuclear disaster ever recorded
  • Victims skin was saw to be peeling off, shedding off their faces, arms, and other exposed skin
  • Maya Chemical Combine is the largest Nuclear Complex in the World
  • 10, 000 people had to evacuate their house
  • Level 6
Kyshtym Video