Chinease School of Thoughts
David Salazar 1B
The leader of Confucianism was Confucius. He thought the government should lead by example. "Do not do to others what you do not wish yourself.” They believed in respecting your elders, ancestors, and social superiors. This is known as Filial Piety. The five relationships they went by were: Father to son, Elder brother to younger brother, Husband to wife, Ruler to subject, Friend to friend. After Confucius died, his sayings were put into a book called The Analects. This became very influential to governments.
Buddhism was a teaching that believed life is made with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct, wisdom, and meditation releases one from desire, suffering, and rebirth. The famous philosopher was Buddha. Buddhists go by the four noble truth which are: 1. All human life involves suffering and sorrow 2. The desire for a life of pleasure and material gain causes suffering and sorrow. 3. Renouncing desire frees people from suffering and helps their souls attain nirvana. 4. The Eightfold Path leads to renunciation, or denial of desire and attainment of nirvana.
Legalism was a strict philosophy run by Hanfeizi. He was the greatest of Chinease legalist philosophers "The nature of man is evil; strict rules are needed for order." He had harsh Ideas to achieve order: Greed is the motive and causes of conflict. Strict laws and harsh punishment. Forced people to work on public projects and punished them if they did not complete their duties. He forced people to work on the Great Wall of China.
The philosopher of Taoism was Laozi. Tao- means "The Way." He thought the best leader is one who governed the least. "The best government governs the least." "They reject conflict; they prefer to give way-to yield like water." They believed in practicing Alchemy and magic. They all lived a simple life and lived in harmony with nature. "Harmony comes from balancing opposites forces of ying and yang"
Buddhism - Introduction