Syria and Mexico
What is a child soldier ?
what is being done about child soldiers?
The UN is campaigning to tighten up laws on selling guns to stop them reaching battlefields where child soldiers are fighting.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child says that "all children have the right to special protection in time of conflict and should not take a direct part in hostilities."
who is affected ?
A mother, from the northern city Gao, stated:
I saw children even younger then my own [who are 14 and 16 years old] armed and going around in cars. Others were posted at the entrance and exit of the town, on the checkpoints.
A young girl aged 16 years, who was raped in Gao, shortly after the city was seized by armed groups at the beginning April 2012, stated:
Five rebels came and took me by force, they were speaking Tamasheq and some others Songhay. They took me into the bushes and raped me. I stayed there two days. During that period, I was raped several times.
In late April, our researchers were able to talk to a human rights defender, a native of Gao, in Niger, who has documented many cases of rape:The list is very long. Many of the cases have been identified, but the victims refuse to testify for fear of being stigmatized
But in mexico the people and police are affected according to military officers interviewed by the organization, the “cartel bosses will treat the young killers as cannon fodder, throwing them into suicidal attacks on security forces.”
First, the children are enticed or manipulated into joining the cartels, and given basic weapons instruction at training camps, many of which have been discovered in the jungles along the Guatemalan border.The weapons are varied, ranging from AR-15 rifles to Uzi submachine guns, and .38 and 9-mm caliber pistols. Next, the kids are put into cells led by experienced cartel soldiers, who have some prior training with the military or police.