Wonderful World of Proteins
By: Madison Jones, Anthony Palm, & Michael Vance
Why are proteins essential for life?
Proteins are essential for building muscle mass, cell formation, tissue maintenance and repair, controlling chemical reactions, and are a great source of energy.
Eggs are one of the highest sources of protein.
One slice of cheese has 7g of protein!
People think the inside of the potato has the most protein but its actually the skin that has the most protein.
How do proteins relate to real life?
- The human body has about 100,000 different types of proteins
- High protein diets can help you lose weight
- Proteins are the building blocks of your body
- Proteins help fight off everyday infections or disease
- Proteins help people stay in shape
Types of Proteins
- Enzymes- Speed up chemical reactions in cells, Luciferase
- Structural Protein- Regulate body tissues and organs, Collagen
- Signaling Protein- Send messages around the body and to the brain, Adrenalin
- Regulatory Protein- Controlling the interaction of myosin and actin, HOX (tells tissues what organs to form)
- Transport Protein- Move ions in and out of the cell, hemoglobin, cytochrome
- Sensory Protein- Opsin (in the eye converts light so it can be interpreted by the brain)
- Motor Protein- Convert chemical energy into mechanical work, myosin, dynein, and kinesin.
- Defense Protein- antibodies, fibrin forms blood clots
- Storage Proteins- casein stores proteinin milk