Supreme Court Cases change America!
Ken Bethel and Malika Cromartie
Wabash v. Illinois (1887)
This case was important being that it limited states’ rights over the regulating of railroad companies’ commerce, causing the federal government to begin controlling the regulation of railroad companies’ interstate commerce.
Plaintiff: St. Louis & Pacific Railroad Company
Article I, Section 8, Clause 18
“necessary and proper”
(Interstate Commerce Commission)
Social: For the common good of people and their money.
Political: Making railroads the first industry subject to Federal regulation.
Economic: The federal government now regulates prices dealing with railroad interstate commerce.
Roe v. Wade (1973)
"Jane Roe", a woman from Texas, becomes pregnant with her third child as a result of a gang-rape. Jane requested a safe, clinical abortion, but it was said that in the State of Texas it was illegal. Causing the case to flourish as pro-lifers and pro-choosers begin to state their opinions (fight for what they believed in).
Plaintiff: Norma McCorvey "Jane Roe"
Defendant: Henry Wade
9th amendment, right to privacy
Legalization of abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Social: Gives women the right to choose to have an abortion.
Political: Retried almost every year.
Religious: Due to Christian beliefs abortion is looked at as a sin, not a right or even an option, it’s just a terrible crime against society and God.
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
A collective group of cases from Kansas, Delaware, the District of Columbia, South Carolina and Virginia stand up for the segregated school systems, calling for equality rather than separation and inequality. Oliver Brown represents these 5 cases as he goes against the Board of Education.
Plaintiff: Oliver Brown
Defendant: Board of Education of Topeka, KS
14th amendment equal protection & Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Reversal of the Plessy v. Ferguson case, because even though it is stated that colored & white schools were supposed to be equal, they weren't.
Social: Schools are forced to give colored and white children the same education, causing integration of schools. The outcome also strikes some as many were opposed of this sentencing.
Political: 14th amendment is tweaked due to "separate but equal" proving to be unjust and having no equality.
Economic: In theory it is said that southern-born black men (who attended segregated schools) actually made 10% more money, than non-southern-born black men(who attended desegregated schools). Also, it is suggestive that it is a pattern, not conclusive.
Economic Protest occurred as African Americans started to refuse to support businesses, or services.