Events leading up to the Civil War

5 topics

Compromise of 1850

The Compromise of 1850 was a agreement between to south and north states. The north did not want slaves to be considered population, the south did. The south had large plantations and big fields to grow crops on but needed the slaves to do it. Most people in the south only had about 5 slaves. The north didn't want it because if the south people grew their own crops and goods they wouldn't have to buy from the north so they would have less money.

  • Texas lost New Mexico but received 10 million dollars from the federal government for the lost.
  • California was admitted to the union as a free slave
  • Slave trade in the District of Colombia was abolished
  • Fugitive act was passed
  • New Mexico and Utah decided to allow settlers to vote on the issue

The Fugitive act of 1850

The Fugitive Slave Act is historically one of the most controversial parts of the Compromise of 1850. The purpose was to track fugitive slaves who had runaway to northern states, capture them, and consequently return them to their proper southern owners.

The Dred Scott Decision of 1857

In March of 1857, the U.S supreme court declared that all blacks and slaves would never be U.S citizens Dred Scott, a slave who had lived in the free state of Illinois and the free territory of Wisconsin before moving back to the slave state of Missouri.

The Kansas-Nebraska act of 1854

It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders. After the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, pro-slavery and anti-slavery supporters rushed in to settle Kansas to affect the outcome of the first election held there after the law went into effect.

John Browns raid of 1859

Sunday October 16, 1859 John Brown led a group of 21 men (16 white and 5 black) across the Potomac River from Maryland to Virginia. The objective was the capture of the cache of weapons stored at the U.S. Arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Brown's ultimate goal was to destroy the slave system of the South.