Principles Of Design

Jessica Kelly


Balance is arranging designs in ways that create a feeling or rest and equilibrium. There are two types of balance called Formal balanced (Symmetrical) which is the same on each side of the focal point and Informal Balance (Asymmetrical) design, is the still balanced, but is different on the sides of the focal point.


Rhythm is where movements that leads the eye smoothly and easily from one part of the design to another and provides a sense of order and a quality of gracefulness. It gives the illusion of motion, and lets the eye moves easily throughout the design.


Emphasis is the "Center of Interest" and the "Focal Point", "Dominant Idea". Its the center of attention on the most important item in an arrangement and allows rhythm to carry the eye from this point to another area of interest. This picture shows emphasis very nicely because this room is clearly focused around the fireplace. All of the furniture is spaced around it and everything is light colored but the fireplace is a very dark color which makes it stand out. I think the designer wanted people to give this fireplace special attention as they walk into the room. It is a place for the eyes to come back to and rest on.
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Harmony is a combination of unity and variety to overall create a pleasing, whole design. This picture is tying the unity through the furniture and color scheme, making the room look pleasing and whole, but shedding some variety in the different types of furniture. Some furniture had dark wood, but the table has the same color and design as the chandelier. White, yellow, brown and gold are all displayed in different ways but comes together as a whole
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