Northern Territory

Australia

Physical features

Mount Zeil, Victoria river, lake Amadues, the Finke river, the Adelaide River, Alligator River, Daly River, McArthur River, and the Roper River. The Simpson desert. The Harts Range, MacDonnell Range and Petermann Range.

Climate

The Northern Territory has two separate climate zones: the tropical north and dry south. The tropical north consists of the regions of Top End, Arnhem Land and parts of Katherine. The average yearly temperature is 32° C, The summer, which lasts from December to March, is also a time of heavy rain. The dry season lasts from May to October. During this time, the days are warm and sunny, while nights are cool. Humidity finally begins to rise in November and December to 70 percent.

Plants and animals

Open woodland tall grasses and some shrubs. The Northern Territory is home to roughly 400 species of birds including various parrots, cockatoos, pigeons, and lorikeets in the rugged central and northern regions, singing bush larks, button quail, and flock bronzewings also hang out there. 150 species of mammals live in the territory, including several species of rock rats (especially in Arnhem Land), many bats, nearly two dozen marine mammals, and a variety of marsupials. Kangaroos are widely distributed, but some species have restricted habitats: red kangaroos are adapted to the arid regions, rock wallabies and antilopine wallaroos inhabit the rocky ridges of the northwest, and black wallaroos are restricted to the sandstone.

Natural resources

Mining is by far the greatest contributor to the Territory economy, with incomes of $4.9 billion a year accounting for 26.5% of our economic output. However, mining only provides 2.4% of resident jobs in the Territory. Large numbers of tourists are seasonally drawn to the Territory's iconic natural and cultural attractions. In 2009, tourism accounted for more than 6% of Gross State Product contributing $1 billion annually to the Territory economy.

History/people and language

With evidence of settlements dating back 50,000 years, the Northern Territory is home to the oldest living culture in the world. The Yolngu culture originated in the Arnhem Land, and the Yolngu people still live a very traditional lifestyle. A wide range of indigenous cultures continues to exist in the Northern territory, and over 80 aboriginal languages are still in use. Nearly half of the Northern Territory is considered aboriginal land. The common aboriginal groups, other than the Yolngu of the Arnhem Land, are the Arrernet, Warlpiri and Pitjantatjara in the Red Centre.

Land use

Much of the southern three-quarters of the Territory is desert or semi-arid plain. The Macdonnell Ranges crosses the Territory in central Australia and the well-known monolith, Uluru (Ayers Rock) is near the south-west corner of the Territory.

The major land uses in the Northern Territory are livestock grazing and other protected areas including indigenous uses. These two land uses account for nearly 90 percent of the Territory's area.

Religion and education

A Northern Territory school education consists of six years of primary schooling, including one transition year, three years of middle schooling, and three years of secondary schooling, Christianity/roman catholic followed by angelic and Buddhism.

Current issues

lack of school attendance, issues with Well fare, and a young future.