In 21st Century learning. Are they necessary?

Summative vs. Formative Assessments

Both are needed and both aid the teacher in evaluating student understanding and comprehension.

Summative: Focuses on the outcome of the unit. The Information that the student has learned and absorbed.
  1. Unit Test
  2. Power Point presentation of unit
  3. End of Unit project

Formative: Helps the teacher to understand the comprehension level of the students during the study of the unit.


  1. Graphic Organizers on I-Pad
  2. Video or Voice Recordings on I-Pad
  3. Khan Academy games or activities