- Sodium is a silvery-white metal belonging to Group 1 of the Periodic Table, which is the alkali metals group.
- Room temperature sodium metal is soft enough that you can cut it with a butter knife.
- The symbol for sodium is Na, which comes from the Latin natrium or Arabic natrun or a similar-sounding Egyptian word, all referring to soda or sodium carbonate.
- Sodium is an abundant element. It is found in the sun and many other stars. It is the 6th most abundant element on Earth, comprising about 2.6% of the earth's crust. It is the most abundant alkali metal.
- There is only one stable isotope of sodium,23Na.
- Sodium is highly reactive! The pure metal is kept under oil or kerosene.Sodium metal also floats on water.
- In humans, sodium is important for maintaining fluid balance in the cells and throughout the body. The electric potential maintained by sodium ions is critical for nerve function.
- Sodium and it compounds are used for food preservation, cooling nuclear reactors, in sodium vapor lamps, to purify and refine other elements
- Sodium is found in many minerals, including halite, cryolite, soda niter, zeolite, amphibole, and sodalite. The most common sodium mineral is halite or sodium chloride salt.
- Sodium can be readily cut with a knife, and is a good conductor of electricity.
Uses of Sodium and Price
The most common use is in the form of table salt, which is also known as sodium chloride. It is used as an important ingredient in every kind of dish imaginable. Sodium is also used in creating beautiful lighting fixtures. Lamps with sodium are often used as street lamps. Sodium is also found in another important ingredient that can be found in the kitchen such as baking soda, Sodium is also used in different health therapies. The most common of which is a re-hydration therapy.
Cost, pure: $25 per 100g
Cost, bulk: $ per 100g