Theodore Roosevelt

Phillip Hart

General Bio

Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858, to Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. and Martha Stewart Bulloch in New York City. He had three siblings. an older sister named Anna, a younger brother named Elliott, and a younger sister named Corinne. Elliott was also the father of Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

Despite being born sickly with serious asthma, he still managed to be very energetic as a child, eventually overcoming his asthma through heavy exercise. He also picked up an interest in zoology after seeing a dead seal in a market. After obtaining it, he and two cousins made what they called the "Roosevelt Museum of Natural History" filled with animals that he caught or killed and stuffed himself, having learned the basics of taxidermy.

Roosevelt married Alice Hathaway Lee on his 22nd birthday and had one child, Alice Lee Roosevelt. However, Alice (his wife, not the daughter) died two days after the birth due to kidney failure. Roosevelt wrote a large X in his diary that day, followed by, "The light has gone out of my life." Eleven hours later in the same house, his mother died of typhoid fever. Crushed, he left his daughter in his sister's care for three years.

On December 2, 1886, Roosevelt married Edith Kermit Carow, his childhood and family friend. They had five children. Theodore "Ted" Roosevelt III, Kermit Roosevelt, Ethel Carow Roosevelt, Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt, and Quentin Roosevelt

Pre-Presidency Career

Roosevelt entered politics when he was elected to the New York State Assembly from 1882 to 1884. He immediately began targeting corporate corruption, uncovering an effort by Jay Gould, head of the New York World, to slander the Manhattan Elevated Co. in order to lower its stock and allowing him to purchase controlling interest.

By 1883, he was the Republican minority candidate for Speaker of the New York Assembly. In his time in the Assembly, he wrote more bills than any other legislator.


Theodore Roosevelt took over as the 26th president after William McKinley's assassination. He served as president from 1901 to 1909. He was a very popular and progressive president who distrusted wealthy businessmen, dissolving 44 monopolistic corporations as a trust buster. He introduced the Square Deal which regulated railroad rates and ensured pure food and drugs and was fair to both the average citizen and wealthy businessman.