By: Christiana M. ,Sam E. ,Nikki C. ,Spurthi K. ,Emma L.

How does aquaculture works

Aquaculture or fish farming is the raising of fish or shell fish.Aquaculture happens in oceans or ponds some are even in buildings.

Why is Aquaculture Important?

It helps the fish and shellfish stay healthy and it also provides them with many rich nutrients. Some people might argue that you could just get fish from the ocean, but then you cannot ensure that the fish is healthy. Also, aquaculture helps the world's poorest countries because it is very inexpensive

How Does Aquaculture Work?

The fish-farmers have to recreate the assumption of the actual habitat. Also, they must maintain the created habitat in order for their fish to grow. Each and every kind of fish needs its own habitat like how all humans can't live in the same the house.

Example: Trout lives in a raceway (fast-water), so the farmer has to recreate that. Catfish lives in a pond, so they have to recreate smooth non-moving water.

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Types of Aquaculture

There are 2 types of Aquaculture Marine and Freshwater.

Freshwater Aquaculture: is when the fish-farmers produce species that are native to rivers, lakes and streams. In the U.S it usually produces catfish but it also produces trout, tilapia and bass. It takes place primarily in ponds or on land in tanks that renovates the water.

Marine Aquaculture: refers to the culturing of species that lives in the ocean. It primarily produces oysters, clams, mussels, shrimp and salmon. It mostly takes place in ocean where the fishes are grouped in one area

Fun facts!

  • It Mainly consists of farming oysters,clam,mussels,Shrimp, and salmon for marine aquaculture and catfish and trout for freshwater.

  • Half the seafood eaten worldwide is produced by aquaculture.

  • Aquaculture is the fastest growing area of food production. It’s kept up a steady expansion of 8.4% a year since 1970.

  • Egyptians were farming fish 4000 years.

  • The country that dominates aquaculture is China who grows 61% of the world's farmed fish and if you add Asia its 91%.
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