KARNATAKA

the beautiful city

ABOUT KARNATAKA

Karnataka is a state in south west India. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the states re organisation act. Originally known as the state of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973. The capital and largest city is Bangalore. Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian sea and the laccadive sea to the west, Goa to the north west, Maharashtra to the north, Andhra pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the south east, and Kerala to the south west. The state covers an area of 191,976 square kilometers (74,122 sq mi), or 5.83 per cent of the total geographical area of India. It is the eight largest Indian state by area. With 61,130,704 inhabitants at the 2011 census, Karnataka is the ninth largest state by population, comprising 30 districts. kannada is the most widely spoken and official language of the state.


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HISTORY OF KARNATAKA

The recorded history of Karnataka goes back more than two millennia. Several great empires and dynasties have ruled over Karnataka and have contributed greatly to the history, culture and development of Karnataka.

The impact of kingdoms of Karnataka origin have been felt over other parts of India also. The sens dynasty of Bengal called themselves Karnata Kshatriyas, the Karnatas of Mithila ruled over present day Bihar called themselves Karnata Vamsha and Karnataka Kshatriya. The Chindaka Nagas of central India, Gangas of Kalinga (Orissa), Rashtrakutas of manyakheta Chalukyas of Vengi, Yadava Dynasty of Devagiri were all of Kannada origin who later took to encouraging local languages.


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CLIMATE

The post-monsoon (period of retreating) and winter seasons are generally pleasant over the entire state. The months April and May are hot, very dry and generally uncomfortable. Weather tends to be oppressive during June due to high humidity and temperature. The next three months (July, August and September) are somewhat comfortable due to reduced day temperature although the humidity's continue to be very high. The highest recorded temperature was 45.6 C (114 F) at Raichur on May 23, 1928. The lowest recorded temperature was 2.8 °C (37 °F) C at bidar on December 16, 1918.


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TOURISM

By virtue of its varied geography and long history, Karnataka hosts numerous spots of interest for tourists. There is an array of ancient sculptured temples, modern cities, scenic hill ranges, unexplored forests and endless beaches. Karnataka has been ranked as the fourth most popular destination for tourism among the states of India.The waterfalls of Karnataka and kudremukh are listed as must-see places and among the "1001 Natural Wonders of the World". jog falls is India's tallest single-tiered waterfall with gokak falls, unchalli falls, magod falls, abbey falls and shivanasamudra falls among other popular waterfalls.


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