Behavioral Vs Cognitive Therapy

Compare and Contrast

Behavoral Therapy

Definition: According to About Education (2015) "Behavioral therapy is rooted in the principles of behaviorism, a school of thought focused on the idea that we learn from our environment".

Goals: "The goal is to reinforce desirable behaviors and eliminate unwanted or manipulative ones. The techniques used in this type of treatment are based on the theories of classical conditioning and operant conditioning."
Behavior Therapy.wmv

Cognitive Therapy

Definition: According to Dr. Beck, "Cognitive Therapy (CT), or Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), is a form of psychotherapy in which the therapist and the client work together as a team to identify and solve problems. Therapists help clients to overcome their difficulties by changing their thinking, behavior, and emotional responses.

Cognitive Therapy Goals:
  • Specific problem behaviors and problem thinking are identified, prioritized, and specifically addressed.
  • Enables patients to be goal oriented to scale their progress.
  • Help patients keep track of their negatived thoughts and mental imagery
  • Help patients keep an active role in their learning. This may include issuing homework.
Role Play: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy


According to According to Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (2015)

  1. The therapist who has the theoretical and technical expertise works with the patient who expertise is themselves.
  2. Therapist help clients to realize that he/she is capable choosing positive thoughts and behaviors.
  3. Treatment is often short-term
  4. Clients actively participate in treatment.
  5. Treatment is goal oriented to help solve their problems
  6. Goals are developed to track progress throughout treatment.


Differences According to Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (2015)

  1. Cognitive behavior therapy focuses on how thoughts emotions, and behaviors are connected and affect one another to develop negative behavioral patterns.

  2. Behavioral therapy focuses on how some thoughts or behaviors may accidentally get "rewarded" within one's environment, contributing to an increase in the frequency of these thoughts and behaviors.

  3. Behavioral therapists encourage clients to try new behaviors and not to allow negative "rewards" to dictate the ways in which they act.

Dealing with Procrastination

In regards of helping patients with procrastination, I would use cognitive therapy. First, I would help the patient to identify the cause of their procrastination. This would also included identifying specific periods of time where they find the strongest urge to procrastinate. Secondly, I would analyze how it effects the client and provide educational material on procrastination. Lastly, I would help the patient find new ways to overcome their procrastination and help them set goals to measure their progress.
How To Stop Procrastinating - 7 Important Tips To Overcome Procrastination


Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (2015) About physiological treatment. Retrieved on

About Education (2015) What is behavioral therapy. Retrieved on

Cherry, Kendra (2015) What is behavioral therapy? Retrieved on