Affects of External Factors

Related to Work and Learning in Helathcare

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Work Environment

The external factors that affect the work environment are things such as the temperature, noise level, and the amount of light. The recommended temperature is between 68 and 72 degrees Fahrenheit for the work place. If the temperature is colder than this there is a chance of employees developing neck and back pain because of the colder conditions. temperatures above 72 degrees can lead to a hot and uncomfortable work environment. An environment like this may end up being a distraction because people will be trying to get cool instead of working diligently. noise level also attributes to the work environment because, depending on the type of work it may be harder for people to work when when noise gets above certain levels. The international organization for standardization recommends noise levels less than 45 decibels for work requiring intellectual effort and noise levels less than 65 decibels for work requiring communication. High noise levels can be an unnecessary distraction that can lead to decreased productivity and learning in a workplace.

Work Tasks

The international organization for standardization recommends that workers should be able to determine the sequence they complete their tasks, speed, and the manner in which tasks are completed. the speed, or time frame in which the work is done is a significant factor in efficiency of the work place. the pace at which employees work may differ from person to person and also differ in the same employee depending on the time of day. If employees were able to choose the time period they had to complete their tasks it would help the work place by reducing the stress on employees and by helping them maintain their mental health due to the lack of stress. By applying time constraints unnecessary stress is placed on the worker to complete the task in the time frame, which may lead to lower quality work because they are forced to complete it within the constraints. the sequence in which tasks are completed is another important external factor. if a worker works slower in the morning than the rest of the day it may be smart to let them choose the sequence of their tasks, or assign them in a way the would benefit them the most. An example of this would be assigning the easier tasks in the morning when possible and the more intensive ones later in the day when they are a more efficient worker. If the sequence of the work does not fit the worker doing it it could conduce a more stressful and less efficient work environment because the worker may be trying to complete harder tasks when they are not ready to do so.
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Helpful Technology Applications

Helpful technology applications are things such as software and programs that help prevent errors and simplify the work process. Electronic health records, clinical decision support, and computerized provider order entries examples of some helpful technology applications. the combination of electronic health records and computerized provider order entries make the lives of medical workers a lot easier. the use of the electronic medical records saves the medical professional time because they do not have to go look for the patient's medical file and all of the information is easily accessible during the medical process. the combination of the convenient reference point of electronic medical records and computerized provider entries can be used by the medical professional to ensure correct medicine is administered. the health record can also be helpful referencing the current medications a patient is on to make sure that there will not be any contraindications if a new medicine is prescribed. Clinical decision support can also be a useful toll for a healthcare team when they are unsure of the correct medical action to take.
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Affects of External Factors on Patient Learning and Health.

The work environment, work tasks, and helpful technology applications all relate to external factors that influence patient health and learning. the most important work environment factor that would influence patient learning would be the noise level. if it were very loud in the hospital or other work environment of a nurse. it may be hard for them to each their patient what they need to do to better, or maintain their health. high noise levels may affect this because it may affect the nurses and the patients ability to focus. The lack of focus on the nurses end, could lead to the nurse forgetting to teach the patient all of the information needed. the high noise levels may affect the patient because the high noise levels are not recommended for intellectual thought. High noise levels may not allow the patient to fully absorb all of the information from the nurse, which may ultimately affect their health. The next external factors are related to work tasks. The time given to complete each task is also an external factor that impacts patient health and learning. The time given for each task relates to patient health and learning because if the health care professional is rushed a medication error could occur, or the patient may not be properly taught the information they need to improve their health. The last external factor that will be addressed is technology. technology is by far the most helpful external factor that will be addressed. the use of helpful technology can help improve patient health by providing convenient points for nurses, reducing medication contraindications, and providing clinical advise to medical professionals when it is needed. Technology may also indirectly impact patient learning. the medical professional will have more time to teach the patient, because of the increased efficiency form helpful technology applications. The increased time can help patient learning by allowing the medical professional to completely teach the patient.