Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombed

Big image

Aftermath of Little boy after being dropped on Hiroshima

A survivor stands in the rubble and looks around at the damage caused by the Little Boy

Events Leading to Hiroshima/Nagasaki (Main Parts)

December 7, 1941
The Japanese attack Pearl Harbor.
December 10, 1941
Germany and Italy declare war on the United States.
January 19, 1942
Roosevelt responds to Bush's November 27 report and approves production of the atomic bomb.
October 19, 1942
Groves decides to establish a separate scientific laboratory to design an atomic bomb.
November 1942
The Allies invade North Africa.
December 28, 1942
Roosevelt approves detailed plans for building production facilities and producing atomic weapons.
July 1943
Oppenheimer reports that three times as much fissionable material maybe necessary than thought nine months earlier.September 8, 1943
Italy surrenders to Allied forces.
June 6,1944
Allied forces launch the Normandy invasion.
February 4-11, 1945
Roosevelt, Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin meet at Yalta.April 12, 1945
President Roosevelt dies.April 25,1945
Stimson and Groves brief President Truman on the Manhattan Project.
May 7, 1945
The German armed forces in Europe surrender to the Allies.
May 31 - June 1, 1945
The Interim Committee meets to make recommendations on wartime use of atomic weapons.
June 6, 1945
Stimson informs President Truman that the Interim Committee recommends keeping the atomic bomb a secret and using it as soon as possible without Warning.
July 24,1945
Stimson again briefs Truman on the Manhattan Project and peace terms for Japan. In an evening session, Truman informs Stalin that the United States has tested a powerful new weapon.July 25, 1945
The 509th Composite Group is ordered to attack Japan with an atomic bomb "after about" August 3.
July 26, 1945
Truman, Chinese President Chiang Kai-Shek, and new British Prime Minister Clement Atlee issue the Potsdam Proclamation, calling for Japan to surrender unconditionally.
July 29, 1945
The Japanese reject the Potsdam Proclamation.
August 6, 1945
The gun model uranium bomb, called Little Boy, is dropped on Hiroshima. Truman announces the raid to the American public.
August 9, 1945
The implosion model plutonium bomb, called Fat Man, is dropped on Nagasaki.
August 12, 1945
The Smyth Report, containing unclassified technical information on the bomb project, is released.
August 14, 1945
Japan surrenders.
September 2, 1945
The Japanese sign articles of surrender aboard the U.S.S. Missouri

Justification to dropping the atomic bomb


Japan already killed over 2,000 people in the Pearl Harbor bombings. We had done nothing to provoke them, unless you count our cutting off trade with Japan, limiting their oil supply.

It was nearing the end of WWII. Hitler and Germany were already out of the picture, but Japan was still strong, holding several hundred islands in the Indian Ocean.


Taking out thousands of civilians has to be considered a war crime.

Truman was nothing other than a brutal murderer, as were the men who dropped the bomb and the ones who supported it.

Effects of The Atomic bomb


Thyroid: first case reported in 1957. High incidence among females. Some cases first discovered by autopsy.
Breast: cases much higher among those exposed than in non-exposed. Exposure to 100 rads or more made risk 3.3 times that of those unexposed. Peak incidence was found higher among women ages 20-30.
Lung: First case noted in Hiroshima in 1954, with 37 cases in Nagasaki soon added. A 1972 large-scale survey revealed 3,778 lung cancers in 10,412 deaths, with correlation of high risks to high radiation dosage.

Chromosomes are present in constant numbers in the nuclei of cells, and can be seen as visible entities during cell division. The count in humans is a constant 46. Chromosome aberrations were first noted in exposed survivors in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1960. Subsequent systematic surveys revealed a high frequency of aberrations in blood cells and lymphocytes in fetuses exposed to large radiation doses in utero (in the womb) or soon after birth.

Although chromosome aberrations increased with higher radiation doses, frequency of aberrations was consistently high at all dose ranges. As late as 1985, chromosomal aberrations in somatic (body) cells persisted among exposed survivors.

Possible Alternatives to The Atomic Bomb that could have been used to end WWII

By 1945, American leaders were not seeking to avoid the use of the A-bomb on Japan. But the evidence from current archival research shows that by pursuing alternative tactics instead, they probably could still have obviated the dreaded invasion and ended the war by November.