Apollo

God of Medicine, Music, Plague and Prophecy

By: Hayley McCune

Origins

  • His mother was Leto and his father was Zeus. (Ron Leadbetter)
  • He was born on Delos Island; Hera, Zeus' wife, later chased his mother there. (Graf Fritz)
  • His twin sister was Artemis. ( Ron Leadbetter)
  • He was the favorite son of Zeus. (Graf Fritz)
  • He grew to manhood within days of birth. (Michael Stapleton)

Powers and Personality Traits


  • From Homer’s time, Apollo was the god of divine distance - he sent threats from afar, made men aware of their guilt, and cleansed them. Controlled religious law and the constitutions of cities. (Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica)


  • Other Gods feared him; only his father and mother could stand his presence. (Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica)
  • His symbolic bow summoned distance, fear, and terror. (Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica)
  • His kinder side was shown when he played the lyre. He also spread joy through poetry and dance. (Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica)
  • He represented a level of moral excellence. (Michael Stapleton)

Love Life


  • Apollo loved the Nymph Daphne. He was cursed by the God of Love, Eros, because Apollo always teased him about his archery skills. (Ron Leadbetter)

  • Daphne did not like Apollo, so she asked for help from the river god Peneus. Peneus turned Daphne into a laurel tree. Apollo was devastated so he made Laurel his sacred tree. (Ron Leadbetter)

  • Apollo also loved Cyrene- a nymph who gave him his son Aristaeus. Aristaeus was a demi-god who later became the protector of fruit trees and cattle. (Ron Leadbetter)

  • Apollo had a love affair with the mortal Hecuba who was the wife of Priam, the king of Troy- they had Troilius. (Ron Leadbetter)

  • Apollo also had a love affair with another man, Hyacinthus, a Spartan prince. (Ron Leadbetter)

Popularity

  • Most widely influential god after Zeus (Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica)
  • Only god common in both Greece and Rome (Michael Stapleton)
  • He was honored by the Emperor Augustus who made a temple for him on Palatine Hill (Michael Stapleton)
  • People looked at Apollo as a person who kept evil and darkness away (Fritz Graf)
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