Southeast Asia!

Lexi, Isabella, and Maddie

Geography!

~The mainland is separated from the rest of Asia by mountains and high plateaus.~


~The river valleys, that were separated by the mountains, were home to early civilizations~


~All the trade had to pass through the straits near the southeast region. Whoever was nearest controlled the routes resulting in Southeast Asia controlling lots of trade routes.~


~Since they were so isolated, the had their own religious and cultural patterns.~


AN AWESOME FACT ABOUT SOUTHEAST ASIA!!

~When visiting Angkor, in Cambodia, you can ride an elephant from the South Gate of Angkor Thom to Bayon temple!~

Climate and Resources!

~ South and Southeast Asia were generally wetter than tropical Africa, making intensive agriculture possible.~


~High yields supported denser populations; by 1200, over 100 million people lived in Southeast Asia.~


~The most productive metal trade in the tropics was iron-working, which provided the hoes, axes, and knives farmers used to clear their fields.~


~Between 1200 and 1500, the rain forests of coastal Southeast Asia were opened up for farming.~


~An abundance of crops grown in the fertile river valleys and deltas brought wealth to the mainland of Southeast Asia.~


~During the 1100’s and 1200’s the Khmer flourished along the Mekong River and covered most of the Indochina and Malay Peninsulas.~


~Southeast Asia can be divided into 3 parts: Western mainland (Myanmar, Thailand, and mainland Malaysia), Eastern mainland (Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia), and Maritime, which is essentially the islands, (maritime Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines)~


~The Khmer empire was huge and was located where modern day Thailand and Cambodia are today.~

Check out some of the great maps below!

Society!

How was their society organised and how well did it function?

~The people of Southeast Asia developed their own cultures long before the Indian or Chinese influences shaped the region.~


~They lived in isolated villages, they followed their own religious and cultural patterns.~

~Many societies were built around the nuclear family rather than extended families of India and China.~

~Women had greater equality in Southeast Asia than elsewhere in Asia. Female merchants took part in the spice trade, gaining fame for their skill in bargaining, finance, and languages. In some port cities, the woman gained enough wealth and influence to become rulers.~


~A excepted custom was the inheritance through the mother, or called matrilineal descent.~


~Women had some freedom in choosing or divorcing their marriage partners. Even with the Indian and Chinese influences, women retained their traditional rights.~

Religion

~The Religion of Buddhism was one of the many exports India had a big impact on the people in Southeast Asia.~

~Strongly influenced by India and China.~

~After the Indian influences came into Southeast Asia, Buddhist monks and scholars introduced Theravada beliefs.~

~This new religion came with an influence of writing, law, government, art, architecture, and farming.~

~After Hinduism and Buddhism came to Southeast Asia, the Indians brought over another religion, Islam.~

~Muslims ruled northern India in the 1200s and it spread Islamic beliefs and Muslim culture in the islands of Indonesia to the Philippines.~

~Today, Indonesia has the larges Muslim population of any nation in the world.~

Languages

~Southeast Asian languages are also called Austroasiatic the is spoken by about 80 million people.~


~Three subfamilies: the Mon-Khmer languages, the Munda languages, and the Annamese-Muong subfamily.~


~There is no proof that these groups are from one ancestor language which is the essential requirement for classification in the same linguistic family.~

Kingdoms and Empires from the 1200's

Pegan Kingdom:

-Arose in Irrawaddy valley, present day Myanmar.

-King Anawrahta is credited to bringing Buddhism to the Burman people.

-Pagan flourished for some 20 years after Anawrahta’s death.

-Fell in 1287 to conquering Mongols.


Khmer Empire:

-The Khmer's adapted Indian writing, mathematics, architecture, art.

-King Suryavarman built the great temple complex at Angkor Wat.

-The ruins that survived today are among the most impressive in the world.


Srivijaya Empire:

- Both hinduism and buddhism reached this empire.

-Later islam spread to the island.local rulers adopted the new religion.

-They believed in Indian beliefs but put their own forms of worships in it based on nature spirits

Bibliography


Southeast Asian Languages. (n.d.). Retrieved December 20, 2015, from http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/society/southeast-asian-languages.html


Women in Southeast Asia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 20, 2015, from http://asiasociety.org/women-southeast-asia


World History to 1500. (2010, November 30). Retrieved December 20, 2015, from http://worldhistoryto1500.blogspot.com/2010/11/eastern-asia-south-asia-and-africa-1200.html


Kingdoms of South East Asia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 20, 2015, from http://berclo.net/page00/00en-sea-history.html



(n.d.). Retrieved December 20, 2015, from http://www.nederland.k12.tx.us/view/7236.pdf


Khmer Empire. (n.d.). Retrieved December 20, 2015, from http://www.ancient.eu/Khmer_Empire/


(n.d.). Retrieved December 20, 2015, from http://www.nederland.k12.tx.us/view/7236.pdf


(n.d.). Retrieved December 20, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indochina