Data Protection Act 1998
How the U.K Keeps your data safe!
What is it?
The Data Protection Act 1998 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland which defines U.K. law on the processing of data on identifiable living people. It is the main piece of legalisation that governs the protection of personal data in the UK. Although the act itself does not mention privacy, it was enacted to bring British law into line with the European Union Protection Directive, 1995, which required member states to protect people's fundamental rights and freedoms, and in particular, their right to privacy with respect to the processing of data. In practice, it provides a way for individuals to control information about themselves. Most of the act does not apply to domestic use, for example, keeping an address book. Anyone holding personal data is subject, and legally obliged, to comply with the act, with a few exemptions in there, too. The act defines eight data protection principles. It also requires companies and individuals to keep personal information about themselves.