The First and Ninth Amendments

Part of the original Bill of Rights

First Amendment

The first amendment gives you the freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, and assembly.


"Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peacefully assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances."


  • Some parts of the amendment can be traced back to Thomas Jefferson but James Madison really wrote it
  • The first amendment is the first 45 words of the Bill of Rights
  • Without this amendment we wouldn't really have freedom to do anything

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James Madison

He wrote the Bill of Rights, which contains the first ten amendments.

Ninth Amendment

The ninth amendment protects rights that are not listed in the Bill of Rights but should not be violated.


"The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be constructed to deny or disparage others retained the people."


  • The ninth amendment was written because the farmers were worried that the Constitution didn't give people enough rights.
  • It was also written to back up the amendments before it.
  • Today the amendment is used to make sure the government does not expand their power too much.

The Bill of Rights

The first and ninth amendments were included in the Bill of Rights. That means that they were both ratified on December 15, 1791 when Virginia finally ratified which meant most of the states agreed. There was two other amendments but they didn't get ratified. One did in 1992 but the other one did not. The anti-federalist are the people who got the Bill of Rights added on to the Constitution without that who knows where this country would be.