The First and Ninth Amendments
Part of the original Bill of Rights
"Congress shall make no law respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peacefully assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances."
- Some parts of the amendment can be traced back to Thomas Jefferson but James Madison really wrote it
- The first amendment is the first 45 words of the Bill of Rights
- Without this amendment we wouldn't really have freedom to do anything
"The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be constructed to deny or disparage others retained the people."
- The ninth amendment was written because the farmers were worried that the Constitution didn't give people enough rights.
- It was also written to back up the amendments before it.
- Today the amendment is used to make sure the government does not expand their power too much.
The original Bill of Rights
Contains the first and ninth amendments
The first and ninth amendment both enforce rights.
Signing the Bill of Rights
This made the Bill of Rights an official part of the Constitution which made the first and ninth amendments ratified.