Belem Gonzalez

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Course Standard 10

  • Steps for a Criminal trial.
  • The Jury examines the case to see wether its reasonable or not.
  • Some rare cases just require the judge to hear.
  1. Choosing a jury.
  2. Opening Statements
  3. Witnesses get sworn in.
  4. Witness testimony
  5. Cross-examination
  6. Closing arguments
  7. Jury Instruction
  8. Jury debilitation and verdict.
  • Voir Dire
-Voir Dire- is to see to speak," the questioning of prospective jurors by a judge and attorneys in court.
-Voir Dire is to determine if any juror is biased and cannot deal issues fairly.

-Conducted by judge and sometimes includes participation of the counsel.

-Opens with a short statement of the case.

-Identifies parties and lawyers.

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Standard 11

  • Types of Sentences:
-Concurrent Sentence-Sentences served simultaneously.
-Consecutive Sentence-Sentences served one after another.

-Mandatory Sentence-Sentences required by law under certain circumstances.

-Maximum Sentence
-Deffered Sentence
-Determinate sentence
-Final Sentence
-Intermediate Sentence
-Minimum Sentence
-Presumptive Sentence
-Flat Sentence
-Suspended Sentence

  • Pre sentence Report

-A report prepared by a probation officer upon conviction of a defendant that assists the sentencing court in imposing an appropriate sentence.

  • Sentencing
-Judges can only determine the punishments.
-A judge will consider several factors in determining a criminal sentence.

-Judges have many sentencing alternatives.

-Some cases provide mandatory sentences.

    • Three Strikes Law
    -Been convicted to federal court to a "Serious violent Felony".

    -Has two or more convictions in Federal or State courts,at least one has to be a serious violent crime, others may be serious offence crimes.

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    Course Standard 12

    • Correctional Officer Duties:
    -Enforce orders to keep in order jails and prisons.

    -Supervise activities of inmates

    -Inspect facilities to ensure that they meet standards.

    -Inspect inmates for contraband items

    -Report on inmate conduct

    • Prisoner Rights
    -Inmates have the right to be free

    -Inmates have the right to be free from sexual crimes.

    -Inmates have the right to complain about conditions.

    -Inmates are entitles to medical care.

    -Inmates that need mental care have the right to get treatments.

    • Capital Punishment
    -the legally authorized killing of someone as punishment for a crime.

    -Lethal Injection


    -Gas Chamber

    -Fairing Squad


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