The Middle Ages

By Aryan Kumar

The Church

The church was the most important part of Middle Age society. The church would provide many necessities, such as medical, food, water, and much more. The people would pay taxes to the church. Everybody belonged to the church.

Many people trusted the church until the Black Death. After the Black Death, though, people lost trust in the church because it couldn't explain why the Black Death happened. The church soon no longer provided aid.

The Black Death

The Black Death, also known as the Bubonic Plague, was a series of plagues and diseases. They originally came from Asia. Rats with fleas would board trade ships from Asia. These fleas carried blood from infected people. They would get on rats, and when the ship docked, the rats scurried off.

The fleas would bite people, infecting them. The people would die in as little as eight hours, and as much as five days. The disease spread very quickly, killing 25 million Europeans (a third of the population) in four years. It changed Europe in many ways.

Kings and Popes

Throughout the Middle Ages, Kings and Popes have argued about who has more power.
When King Henry IV appointed a bishop which Pope Gregory VII disapproved of, the king got mad. He said the pope had no authority to challenge his authority. As a result, the pope excommunicated the king, meaning he cast out the king from the church. The king beseeched, and the pope eventually let him back in the church.
The pope had proved the pope had more power than the king. There were many more disputes between popes and kings, though.

Growth of Cities

After the Black Death, there weren't many peasants left to work the lord's land. This allowed them to demand wages for their work. After they earned enough money, they would buy their freedom. Many of them went to cities.
As the cities grew, they became more popular. Trade increased, and eventually, so many peasants bought their freedom that Feudalism and Manorialism completely fell apart.

The Spanish Inquisition

When King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella and Castile got married, they began reconquering Spain. After the Spanish reconquered Spain from the Moors, they wanted to "purify the land" by expelling all non-Christians.
The non-Christians had three options, which were 1) leave Spain 2) convert to Christianity or 3) die.
Soon, though, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella got paranoid that the "converts" were not actually converts. They started using torture devices, such as the Rack, to make non-Christians admit they weren't converts and to give names of other non-believers.
Eventually, the Inquisition slowed down in the 16th century.