Federal Court System
Module 6 Lesson One Practice Activity
The Different Levels of The Federal Court System
-District Courts: Federal Courts where trails are held and lawsuits begin, there are 94 courts. All the states have 1 and some of the larger states have 2 or 3.
- Courts of Appeals: It is the next highest level after the district courts, people go here after they lose in the district courts.
- A 13th appeals court, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. They have judges who make decisions in 3 different ways; upholding the decision, reversing the decision, and remanding the case.
Responsibilities at Each Level of The Federal Court System
- Appeals courts review decisions made in lower district courts. Each of the 12 courts of appeals cover a particular circuit.
-Appeals courts for the Federal Circuit do not hold trials. They have a panel of judges who review case records and listen to arguments from lawyers on opposing sides.
Types of Jurisdiction
-Appellate Jurisdiction: The courts of appeals have this jurisdiction, they have the authority to hear a case appealed from a lower court.
-Nationwide Jurisdiction: A nation possesses supreme authority, or sovereignty over all territory, things, and persons within its boundaries.