Savannah Biome

By: David, Hudson and Jeffrey

Animals

African Elephant

The savanna elephant's habitat is usually savannas or grasslands. The African elephant's size makes them difficult for predators to eat. At night, the adults form a circle around the calves to protect them from danger. But in the day, an unlucky calf might wander away from the herd and be some predator's lunch. But adults have thick skin, making it hard to bite.These animals have a special job in savannas. They keep the savannas clear by eating shrubs and trees which helps the grass grow. This allows the many grazers on the savanna to survive. The african elephant is in danger of being extinct due to poaching.

African Wild Dog

African Wild Dogs live in the Savannah, grasslands, eastern, and southern Africa. The African wild dog is a carnivore and feeds on medium sized antelope, gazelle, and other grazing animals. It can also kill larger prey, like wildebeest. Wild dogs will follow a herd of animals until one of the animals becomes separated. They will chase the animal until it is too tired to keep moving. They start eating immediately without a killing bite. African wild dogs always eat fresh kills and never scavenge for food. Highly endangered of being extinct!

Black Mamba

The Black Mamba is a snake that lives in South Africa. They like open, low habitats such as savannahs, rocky places and open woodlands. They are active during the day. They often sleep in hollow trees, burrows, rock crevices, or empty termite mounds, and will come back to the same place every night. Several weeks after a pair of mamba mate, the female will find a good place to lay 6-17 eggs. The burrow `must be damp but not wet, and warm, but not too hot. After she lays her eggs the female leaves. The young snakes are about 16-24 inches long when they hatch three months later. They reach maturity when they are 3-4 feet in length. Not endangered

Caracal

Caracals can be found in the Veld grassland in South Africa, Central Africa, and India. Caracals can live as long as 17 years in captivity. They are active at night, mostly hunting smaller mammals, such as rabbits and porcupines, or even larger mammals like sheep, young antelope or deer. Caracals have very strong legs which allows them to jump high into the air to hit birds out of the air. Caracals are endangered.

Chacma Baboon

Chacma Baboons live in the African woodland Savannah. They never wander from trees or source of water. These baboons live in groups known as troops. Each troop consists of a dominant male and female, and other adult males and females and offspring. When the troops travel, they have their own specific formation. The dominant male is in the front and the dominant female is directly behind him. The other males form a circle with the rest of the females and the offspring in the center. These baboons are endangered.

Black Rhinoceros

The black rhinoceros is one of two rhinos native to Africa, along with the larger, more common, white rhinoceros. Black rhinos have a nimble, pointed upper lip, a reflection of a browsing diet versus the white rhino's grazing lifestyle. Poaching and habitat loss have caused the Black Rhino to be endangered.


Egyptian Mongoose

The Egyptian mongoose lives in Africa on the savannah. Egyptian mongooses are mostly carnivorous but they can eat fruit if it is available where they are living. Their typical diet consists of rodents, fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, insects and insect larvae. Egyptian mongooses also eat the eggs of the animals. Egyptian mongooses claws have adapted to digging, allowing them to dig bugs out of the ground for food. Their teeth have adapted to tearing the flesh of animals they prey on. They can run backwards, roll over, swim and stand on two hind feet. They can puff their hair up to appear two times their actual size, change directions quickly and jump. These adaptations help the Egyptian mongoose any prey they encounter. Not extinct

Emu

The emu lives in the grassy fields of Australia. The emu used to fly at one time, but lost the ability because they had no predators and didn't need to fly. When the Europeans arrived, they hunted them, but by then the emu lost its ability to fly. This flight-less bird is not extinct or endangered

Grant's Zebra

These Zebras live in the middle of the Savannah. The zebra has many ways to protect itself if attacked by a predator. If they see a predator, the herd will bunch together and all the predator will see is a maze of stripes and it won't be able to tell one zebra from another and will not be able to tell it's front from it's rear end. Also, a herd may run away. The zebra can reach speeds of up to 40 m.p.h. The male guards the rear. If all else fails, it will use it's strong hooves and sharp teeth against a predator. The zebra is mainly the prey of the hyena and the lion. Not extinct

Lion

The lion lives in Africa, South of the Sahara. Lion's coats are perfect camouflage for sneaking up on their prey. They will sneak up to their prey as close as they can as a group. Some in the group will charge at their victim, while the others cut off their escape. Lions can run up to forty miles per hour for short distances, which helps if they are spotted by the prey. They have sharp hooked claws which they can retract or extend at will. The pads on their feet protect their paws from the rough terrain that they might walk over. They have sharp teeth that are perfect for tearing, and biting and chewing up meat. Lions are not at risk of being endangered.

Koala Bear

Koala Bears live in the trees of the Savannah. They can camoflage themsleves forom predators using their brown and gray fur. The bottoms of Koalas are padded with so much fur, that they can sit on pointy branches and not get hurt! The koalas thick, fuzzy fur keeps them warm, but not too warm. Their sharp claws dig into the trees so that they don't fall off. These fuzzy bears are not extinct.

Nigreceps Ants

These ants live in Kenya, Africa in trees. The tree of choice for the nigriceps ant and its competitors is the whistling thorn acacia. Besides having regular thorns, the whistling thorn acacia also has modified thorn pairs which are joined at the base by a hollow, bulbous swelling up to 3cm in diameter. These thorns arethe perfect nest sites for the ants. The ants have adapted to living in trees because the soil gets moist and flodded during the rainy season, and dries out and cracks during the dry season. This makes it difficult for ants to build nest underground. The whistling thorn acacia has special glands called "nectaries" at the tips of their leaves that produce a sweet secretion just to feed the ants. The nigreceps ants are not extinct.

Nile Crocodile

Nile Crocodiles live in freshwater swamps, rivers, lakes, and other watery places. They dig dens to hide from the hot weather or danger. They are only found in Africa and in Madagascar. Nile Crocodiles are sneaky, and get their food easily. When they sneak up on drinking animals, only their eyes and nose show. The rest of their body is hidden underwater. They are also camouflaged in the water, so they are almost impossible to see. These sneaky animals are endangered.

Giant Anteater


The giant anteater has a very long snout, a massive bushy tail and a grizzled, black-striped coat, giant anteaters sometimes measure up to 7 feet in length and weigh up to 100 pounds. The Giant Anteater feeds on ants and termites by employing their foreclaws to tear open insect mounds and lash up the inhabitants with a lengthy tongue. Young anteaters will hitch a ride on their mother's back for about a year after their birth. The protected lands of Brazil's Pantanal Conservation Area (a World Heritage Site), which includes seasonally flooded savannas of one of the planet's great wetlands, provide refuge for giant anteaters. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature ranks it as "vulnerable," a step away from "endangered,"

Hyenas

Hyenas live in Africa and can weigh anywhere from 110 to 190 pounds. Hyenas eat dead animals and not to mention they have a creepy laugh. The hyenas are an endangered species.

Giraffe

Giraffes live in Africa and are mostly not bothered with because of their long strong legs. The giraffe has a number of physical adaptations to help it live in the savanna. The dry, hot conditions in the giraffe's habitat are ideal for several flying, biting insects which can be irritating to large animals. A black puff on the end of the giraffe's long thin tail is an efficient fly swatter and keeps insects off the itself. In males, the small horns that all adult giraffes grow are used during fights over dominance. Aiming the horns at the sides and necks of competitors, the males can injure and drive off other males. Giraffes are not endangered

Ostrich

Today ostriches live in open land and are native to the savannahs and Sahel of Africa. In Southwest Africa they inhabit the semi-desert or true desert. They rarely go above 100 m (330 ft). The Arabian Ostriches in the Near and Middle East were hunted to extinction by the middle of the 20th century.

Buffalo

The African buffalo range in color from dark brown or black to bright red. The body of the buffalo is stable with stocky legs, a large head, and short neck. Both male and female African buffalo have horns. These horns are hook-shaped, curving first downwards and then hooking up and inwards, and growing up to 160 cm long. The horns of males are larger than females.

Cool Sights To See

Kalahari Gemsbok National Park

Large herds of desert antelope, known as gemsbok live in the large expanses of red sand dunes and dry riverbeds located at the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. You'll also see meerkats, cheetahs, hyenas, leopards and black-maned Kalahari lions, among other wildlife. Bird life includes weavers, which build huge communal nests, and birds of prey such as the pygmy falcon, Africa's smallest falcon. The park's roads require high clearance four-wheel drive vehicles. Three camps give you options on where to spend the night.

Central Kalahari Game Reserve

As one of the largest, most remote game reserves in southern Africa, the Central Kalahari Game Reserve offers wildlife enthusiasts and tourists a productive spot to see animals. Large herds of wildebeests, elands and giraffes cover the vast grassy plain. Campgrounds are located near the gates of the park, with the most popular sites on the eastern side of the reserve near the Matswere Gate.

Hwange National Park

Hwange National Park is the largest park in Zimbabwe, Hwange National Park and it protects more than 100 species of animals and almost 400 bird species. The park includes one of the largest elephant populations in the world. The national park includes camps, lodges, cottages and chalets. Three dams provide hides from which to watch the park's wildlife come to the water to drink. The park includes wilderness trails To explore the park's plant life.from a close distance.

Blyde River Canyon Nature Reserve

The Blyde River Canyon Nature Reserve includes the third largest canyon in the world and offers lush plant life and spectacular scenery.

Johannesburg

Johannesburg is the third largest city in South Africa

Nairobi

Nairobi is the largest city and capitol of Kenya

Bibliography

"Savanna Biomes." Savanna Biomes. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2013.
"Geographical/Species Information - Savanna Biome." Savanna Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013.

"Hyena Information and Facts:." Hyena. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013.

"Are There Places of Interest to Visit in the Savanna Biome?" Travel Tips. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013.

"Blyde River Canyon Nature Reserve, Mpumalanga, South Africa." Blyde River Canyon: South Africa Nature Reserves (Overview). N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013