Beneficial Mutating Organisms
Inducing Beneficial Mutations in Organisms
What is it?
Scientists today are able to mutate organisms. Inducing beneficial mutations in organisms are mutations created by us humans that help the organism in certain ways. Mutations can be induced by exposure to ultraviolet rays, radiation, extreme changes in temperature, and certain mutagenic chemicals such as nitrous acid, nitrogen mustard, and chemical substotites for portions of the nucleotide subunits of genes, which is just changing the genes of an organism.
How is it being used currently?
Currently, inducing beneficial mutations in organisms is used to create GMOs, or Genetically Modified Organisms. One example is a featherless, bird-flu resistant chicken. Another example is a hypoallergenic pet, so basically you can be allergic to cats, but if you have a hypoallergenic cat, you won't have an allergic reaction. Inducing beneficial mutations in organisms is also used in food you eat and crops you use everyday. Some examples are soy, cotton, corn, and canola. These crops are modified to resist certain pests, and even weed-killer that the company might even sell.
Modifying a Tomato
Not only is the strawberry blue, but it produces antifreeze with helps it withstand freezing temperatures.
What is the benefit of this type of genetic engineering?
This type of genetic engineering can be used to make disease resistant animals, crops, and possibly in the future even humans. It can make animals produce more meat and even have less fat, crops produce more vegetables for us to eat, and our pets can be able to live longer. In the future, humans might be able to live longer by inducing mutations, and also even be stronger, faster, and smarter. With the control of how an organism is made, there is endless possibilities that can help humanity and the world.
Is there a disadvantage, if so what is it? Are there any risks?
There are disadvantages and risks to take when trying to induce beneficial mutations in organisms. A simple mistake, and the organism could die, or be deadly and hurt the lives of others. If an organism is not tested thoroughly and is released and is harmful, it can cause devastation and possibly hurt humanity. With great power comes great responsibility, and mutating organisms is definitely a great power.
How does it affect organisms (and which kind) physically?
Inducing beneficial mutations in organisms can effect any organism, and can alter it in an infinite amount of different ways. It can make the organism resistant to certain diseases, have wings, be tiny, be huge, be strong or be weak. It can alter the color, the taste, and millions upon millions other alterations can be done too. There is no telling what and how organisms will be mutated in the future.
What's it economic affect?
It can make crops cheaper, as making the crops to be more easily produced, and produce larger quantities of the crop from a single seed. The same can be said for animals. It can also make new forms of crops that can cost more, too.
How does it affect the environment?
If mutated organisms are released in the environment, there will be new types of plants, such as blue strawberries growing wildly and featherless, bird-flu resistant chickens running around. Some mutated organisms could even possibly hurt other organisms.
How does it affect the world in a social aspect?
It can affect the world in a social aspect by introducing completely new foods, perhaps strawberries that taste like tomatoes, and by seeing new animals in the wild, such as pigs that can actually fly. These things will be implemented in textbooks and people will learn about new types of animals created by mankind.
How will it affect our future?
In the future, there might be animals such as cows flying threw the air, gigantic pigs, humans with wings, and many other things. In a closer, more realistic in the next few years aspect, there can be crops that can resist any kind of weather perhaps, which can help cure starvation, such as corn that can be grown during any season, and even crops that can possibly grow faster. There can be animals that produce more meat, and even healthier meat. Currently there are pigs that have less fat in them, so the bacon is way healthier. They had genes from spinach injected into them. Inducing beneficial mutations in organisms will change the world in a great way in the future, and many problems can be solved.
Why GMOs are Good for the World