India

Description of country

India is the seventh largest country in the world. India is a unique land of belief, love, colourful people, fairs and festivals, diversity of religions and various cultures that are considered to be the world's oldest and richest. Indian consists of one billion plus people which is one sixth of the worlds population, that practice and hold different sets of cultures. There are 22 languages spoken in India and Hindi is the most commonly spoken. The people of India are described to be very simple people, open hearted and softly spoken. Culture and religion greatly influence Indian foods and the traditional food of India is widely admired for its amazing use of spices at the heart of every Indian dish.

Description of the foods they regularly eat

Indian food is distinct from the rest of the world. Not only the taste but also the cooking methods. It mirrors a perfect blend of various cultures and religion that deeply influence the foods eaten by Indians. Foods of India are better known for its fabulous use of spices, which are the heart of almost every Indian dish. Every single spice brings some or nutritional values as well as medicinal properties. India is well known for its diverse multi cuisine. Types of staple food commonly eaten in India are wheat, basmati rice and pulses with chana (Bengal Gram), the most important one. Main dishes typically create gravies to serve over rice with flatbread or wafers, which they dip into the sauce. One popular meal is Punjabi dish,dal mahkni,is a butter-based lentil gravy dish served over rice. A variety of unleavened breads served with many Indian dishes, compliment and add additional texture and flavor to the main foods of India such as, roti, naan, phulka and puppadams.

The most common drink in india

Tea is the most traditional drink in India, as the country is one of the largest producers of tea. This is prepared with milk, sugar and a blend of ginger, nutmeg, cinnamon, cloves and cardamom. Most people will drink this tea, called chai, with breakfast and in the late afternoon. In fact, it may be served at any time and is a popular refreshment for guests.

Celebrations

With so many religions and cultures in Indian, fairs and celebrations are endless which take place throughout the year. One of the most significant festivals within the Indian culture is known as Diwali, which celebrates the festival of lights. Many Indians hang diyas and lamps around their homes. Families proudly serve sweets, candies and desserts which come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Children enjoy eating toys made from candy. Rice, whole grain lentils complimented by a sweet called mandhi are also consumed at this celebration.


Another large significant celebration in India is Holi. This festival is celebrated by men, women and children dancing together and rubbing gull (powered color) over one another. An alcoholic drink, Bhang, made from rosewater and dried fruits is associated with Holi. Families present a food to visitors called Kanji-ke-bare which consist of thin lentils patties special to Holi, served with unleavened bread and followed by a desert sweet dumplings and dried fruits, better known as gujjias.

Interesting Customs

Indians believe in eating with their hands and only their right hand is to be used. This custom is guided by rules. The Indian culture believes that it is impolite to allow food to paste first joint of the fingers. The fingers must not touch the mouth directly. Finishing all the food on the plate indicates that you are still hungry and leaving a small amount of food suggests that one is satisfied. Generally, Indians consume their largest meal at midday, followed with a light evening meal.


Shoes must always be removed when entering a place of worship in India, and revealing clothes are not allowed. It is important for travellers to keep shoulders and the lower part of your body covered when visiting religious sites.


Indians hold a strong belief that giving gifts softens the transformation of the next life. It is not the value of the gift, rather the sincerity in which it is given.